(Last Updated on : 16/11/2018)
Folk Dances of Arunachal Pradesh form a vital element in the zest and joy of living of the tribal people
in Arunachal Pradesh
. The dances
of the people of Arunachal Pradesh<
/b> express their joy, love, gratitude and emotions. Most of the Folk Dances of Arunachal Pradesh are performed adorn with best traditional costumes
, decorated spears and multicoloured beads and ornaments. In Arunachal Pradesh, dance varies from martial
steps and folk dances to highly specialized form of dance performed by the Buddhists.
Classification of Folk Dances of Arunachal Pradesh
Folk Dances of Arunachal Pradesh can be generally classified into four different groups of dances naturally enacted for a host of purposes. They are as follows:
1. Festive Dance performances which are mostly celebration orientated folk dances celebrated in individual occasions.
2. Ritualistic Dance is another type of folk dance
in Arunachal Pradesh done with much enthusiasm through certain rituals
3. Recreational Dance is performed as part of spare time purpose. These dances are not performed as part of any ceremony or festival
although they are part of firm occasions creating a happy and joyful impression.
4. Pantomimes are a Dance Drama
which aims at depicting a mythological story
entitled with a moral.
Different Folk Dances of Arunachal Pradesh
The folk dances of Arunachal Pradesh are as follows:
: Ponung dance falls in the celebratory dance category where the young women
execute the dance holding each others hands and moving in circles. The dance celebrates the crop season
and mythological songs often relate the source of paddy and crops
This artistic dance belongs to the Apatani Tribes
. It is performed during the Dree festival
to celebrate the beginning of rice
planting season when the people pray for a good harvest and protection from natural calamities.
: Wancho Dance belongs to a particular tribe of Arunachal Pradesh
. According to the name of that tribe, "Wancho
" the dance is named. This dance is preformed only in special occasions like festivals and ceremonies.
This is a war dance of the Adi Tribes
based on the myth of a struggling life of Tani (man) for survival. This dance is performed in order to drive out the evils
from the village
Bardo Chham is a folk dance of Arunachal Pradesh and a vital ritual among the ethno-various group of north-east people
. The performers wear colourful masks
and enact a fight between good and bad with music
: Khampti dance is performed during the religious festivals
of Potwah, Sankian or Khamsang. This dance is practiced by the Khampti community of Arunachal Pradesh.
: Buiya dance is performed on any joyful occasion like the Duiya, Tazampu and Tanuya festivals which are performed for the wealth and good health of the performer and his household. This dance may also performed after a feast arranged by a family
to entertain the fellow villagers who co-operate with it opening a new field.
This is a medley of dances and songs collectively performed by one of the largest tribes, the Nyishi Tribes
of Lower Subansiri district
during the Nyokum festival
. It is said that their migrated forefathers “Abotani” introduced this dance. The songs and dances are performed to honour various Gods
Lion and Peacock Dance:
Lion and Peacock
Dance is a folk dance form of Monpas
, a tribe of Arunachal Pradesh. It depicts stories of animals
and the dancers imitate gait and movements of the animals. Two groups participate in this dance, and each group has two drummers. The dancers wear masks resembling cock and lion
accompany the dance.
Dance and music are an essential part in the life of the people of Arunachal Pradesh. Most of the folk dances of Arunachal Pradesh are accompanied by chorus songs. It is remarkable that the folk dances of Arunachal Pradesh have evolved tremendously.