(Last Updated on : 21/01/2011)
Parvati is also known by the names of Uma, Lalita, Gauri, Shivakamini, Aparna and the consort of Shiva. Lord Ganesha
and Lord Kartikeya are her sons. Parvati is also regarded as a representation of Shakti or Durga. Parvati epitomizes many noble virtues esteemed by Hindu tradition fertility, martial felicity, devotion to the spouse, ascetism and power.
She is considered as the supreme Divine Mother and all other goddesses are referred to as her incarnations. She is the embodiment of universe total energy. In Shaktism she is the primary deity. Some communities consider her to be the sister of Lord Vishnu and mother of Goddess Lakshmi
and Goddess Saraswati
. When she is portrayed alongside Shiva she appears with two arms. When she is alone she is shown having four or eight arms, and astride a tiger or lion. Generally considered a benign goddess, Parvati also has wrathful aspects like Durga, Kali, Shitala Devi, Tara, Chandi and the Mahavidyas as well as benevolent forms like Kathyayini, Mahagauri, Kamalatmika, Bhuvaneshwari, and Lalita.
Parvati is Goddess of power as she is the one who gives power to all. However in the Vedas
there is no mention of Goddess Parvati. In the Upanishads
she appears as the Shakti. Her role is that of a mediator who reveals the knowledge to Lord Agni
, Vayu, and Lord Indra
. In the epics of Ramayana
she is depicted as consort of Shiva. Her animal vehicle is usually considered to be a lion in her form of Durga. In her certain aspects like the Mahagouri form of the Navadurga group, her mount is Nandi, the sacred bull.
Gauri Festival is dedicated to her and it is celebrated on the seventh, eighth, ninth of Bhadrapada Shukla paksha where she is revered as the goddess of harvest and women`s protector. Navaratri is celebrated in regard to the Mother Parvati in which all her manifestations are worshiped for nine long days. Gauri tritiya is other festival that is observed from Chaitra Shukla third to Vaishakha shukla third. Here it is considered that Parvati spends a month at her parent`s home. People of Karnataka
mainly celebrate this festival.
Some of the temples where various forms of Goddess Parvati are worshipped include Shakti Peethas, Attukal Temple in Kerala
, Meenakshi temple
in Tamil Nadu
and many more.