(Last Updated on : 09/10/2010)
The Yamuna is a major tributary river of the holy Ganges (Ganga) in northern India. The river features a total length of around 1,370 kilometers (851 mi) and it is the largest tributary of the River Ganges.
The origin of River Yamuna is at Yamunotri, in the Uttarakhand Himalaya, which lies north of Haridwar in the Himalayan Mountains. The river flows through the states of Delhi, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh, before confluencing with the Ganges at Allahabad. The cities of Baghpat, Delhi, Mathura, Noida, Etawah, Agra, Hamirpur, Allahabad and Kalpi lie on its banks. The major tributaries of this river are the Tons, Chambal, Betwa, and Ken; with the Tons being the largest. Yamunotri is the source of the Yamuna River and the seat of the Goddess Yamuna. This spot is considered as one of the four sites in India's Char Dham pilgrimage.
The Yamunotri Temple is situated near a hot spring running water in geyser force and in which the pilgrims cook their food. The Temple of Yamunotri is at the foothill of the Kalind Parvat at the left bank of the Yamuna at a height of 3,185 metres. Acting as a backdrop, a glorious waterfall drops, more than 2,000 metres from the snow of Banderpoonch into the valley at this point. Besides 'Ratnjot' an herb claimed to be curative for eye diseases, with chestnuts, walnuts, and apricots grow in abundance in this valley. A frozen lake of ice on the top of Kalind Parvat, at a height of 4,421 metres and almost a kilometre further up is the source of the Yamuna but since the approach to it, is extremely unsafe, the temple has been built at the foothill. Here, the sage Asset had his habitat, all his life he bathed in both, Ganga and Yamuna.
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