(Last Updated on : 04/05/2015)
Puri is a city nestled in the Odisha state of India
. It is one of the seven most holy places for Hindus in India. It is looked upon as the Tirthraj. It is the supreme pilgrim centre (Tirthraj) among all pilgrim centres in India
. It is a belief that if a person dies in Puri he is released for good from the cycle of births and gets himself merged in the body of the Almighty. He does not undergo rebirth. According to tradition, Puri was once a thickly wooded hill inhabited by the Sabaras
and Pre-Dravidian tribes of the Austric linguistic family). The sunny beach at Puri is one of the best in the world. Watching the sunrise in Puri early in the morning by the blue sea away from the cacophony is itself an experience to remember. It is one of the most popular tourist destinations where visitors from all parts of the globe come to relax.
Etymology of Puri
The literary meaning of Puri in Sanskrit
is 'town' or 'city'. It is possible that Puri is a shortened name for Jagannath Puri or Purusottama Puri.
Geography of Puri
Puri is situated on the coast of Bay of Bengal
. It is the headquarters of Puri District
and lies in 19 degrees 48 minutes North and 85 degrees 49 minutes East. It is bounded by Sri Lokanath on the west, Shri Beleswar on the east, and by Indradyumna
on the north. The four principal spots called ghats are situated close to the boundary of Puri. The Atharnala ghat is on the north, Lokanath ghat on the south, Mangala ghat on the west and Chakratirtha ghat on the east.
Culture of Puri
Puri is considered the cultural capital of Odisha. The culture of Puri has been enriched with multiple activities that take place in the city. Puri experiences a confluence of several religions in its heart. Hindu, Muslim, Sikh, Jains, Christian and tribals are found in the city of Puri. In fact, it can be said that the cultural tradition of Puri had started in the third century BC and has gloriously continued till today. The religious sanctity of the place as well as other activities adds to the cultural fervour of Puri.
Demography of Puri
According to the census of 2011, Puri had a population of 201,026 of which males were 104,267 and females were 96,759. In the city, 17,000 children were under 6 years of age. The sex ratio was 928. On the basis of the report of same year, Puri had a literacy rate of 89.38.
Fairs and Festivals of Puri
Several fairs and festivals take place in Puri throughout the year. Ratha Yatra
or Car Festival, Puri Beach Festival, Ganesh
Puja, and Jhulan Yatra
are among the more widely celebrated ones.
Tourism of Puri
The land of Puri is known for the Jagannath Temple
and the large stretch of sandy sea beach by its side. Both the beach and the holy temple
of Jagannath attract large number of tourists throughout the year. Some of the other places of interest of Puri are Swargadwar and Puri Matha. Besides these, there are other places of interest around Puri. They are Konark Temple
, the Chilka Lake
and a lot more.
Connectivity to Puri
Puri is easily accessible by air, rail and road. The nearest airport
to Puri is Bhubaneshwar
. The rail station is Puri itself. This city is also accessible via road. Buses ply from Kolkata
and other cities for Puri.