Rajasthan, Indian State
Rajasthan is unparalleled for its majesty, heritage, culture, safaris and sand dunes. The name of this state literally means 'the land of the rajas (kings). ‘Rajasthan’ presents everything that is Indian in essence. Its diverse landscape attracts tourists from all over the world. The Rajputs and the Mughals have contributed greatly in shaping the history of Rajasthan. Originally it was the dwelling place of the Rajputs who are considered the most chivalrous community in India. The state has witnessed a number of wars that were fought to possess it. The glory of Rajasthan reached its peak under the reign of the Mauryas. Aravalli Mountain Ranges and Thar Desert make the state one of the most popular tourist destinations of India.
Punjab, Indian State
Punjab is known for its rich history and deep cultural heritage. The Greeks refer to Punjab as "Pentapotamia" that means an inland delta of five converging rivers. In Avesta, the holy text of Zoroastrians, the Punjab region is associated with the ancient Sapta Sindhu that is "the Land of Seven Rivers". This state bore numerous invasions but did not entirely lose its glory and strength. The Harappan civilization developed in Punjab and its culture spread to Iran, Afghanistan, Baluchistan, and North Western parts of South Asia. Punjab has been invaded and ruled by many different empires and races, including the Aryans, Persians, Greeks, Egyptians, Afghans and Mongols. The state is mostly known for the Golden Temple in terms of tourism.
Haryana, Indian State
The meaning of the word Haryana means land covered with greenery. The other meaning of Haryana (Hari-Aana) is where God comes. Many settlements dating back to the Indus Valley Civilization have been found in this region. The Vedic civilization also flourished on the banks of the Saraswati River, and the hymns of Rig veda were composed here. Mahabharata mentions Haryana as Bahudhhanyaka which means 'land of plentiful grains' and Bahudhana, 'land of immense riches'. Several places mentioned in Mahabharata correspond to the modern day cities in Haryana. It is said that for 18 days the armies from all over India battled in the plains of Kurukshetra to decide who sits on the throne of Hastinapur. Haryana is famous for its religious significance and national parks among tourists.