The Bengal Presidency was one of the 3 major Presidencies in British India, along with Bombay Presidency and Madras Presidency. It was originally comprised east and west Bengal and was a colonial region of the British Empire in India. The region included the territories of undivided Bengal like West Bengal, Tripura, Orissa, Meghalaya, Bihar, Assam and modern Bangladesh. The Bengal Presidency proper was formed with the signing of the treaties of 1765 between the Nawab of Oudh, the Mughal Emperor and the authorities of the British East India Company. As a result of this the regions of Orissa, Bihar, Meghalaya and Bengal were placed under the administrative control of the British East India Company.
Unlike the British Provinces of Bombay and Madras, Bengal Presidency included the British territories located towards the north of the Central Provinces (now Madhya Pradesh), from the openings of the river Brahmaputra and the Ganges River. It also incorporated areas in British Punjab and the Himalayas as well. Roger Drake desolated Fort William in Calcutta (now Kolkata) as when the fort was attacked by Siraj Ud Daulah, the last independent Nawab of Bengal Province. Roger Drake eventually went back to England. He served in office till October 1756 and was succeeded by Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive. Clive held office as the Governor of Bengal from 1757 to 1760 and improved the fortunes of the British East India Company after the Battle of Plassey.
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