Location of Central Provinces and Berar
As it is suggested by the name, the Central Provinces and Berar province was located in the centre of the Indian peninsula. The region constituted vast segments of the extensive belt of hill and plateau that divided the plains of the Ganges and the Deccan plateau. The Central Provinces and Berar were bordered by the Central India Agency including the Bagelkhand agency and Bundelkhand agency on the north and northeast; by the United Provinces along the northern edge of Sagar district; by the states of Indore, Bhopaland district of Kandesh of Bombay Presidency; by the princely state of Hyderabad and the zamindari estates of the Madras Presidency in the south; and by the tributary states of Bengal in the east.
Administration of Central Provinces and Berar
The Central Provinces and Berar was formed of 22 districts, which were segmented into 5 divisions. These are mentioned below-
* The Jabalpur (Jubbulpore) Division was scattered over a total area of 18,950 sq miles and included the districts Mandla, Seoni, Damoh, Saugor (Sagar) and Jubbulpore.
* The Narmada (Nerbudda) Division covered a total area of 18,382 sq miles and comprised of the districts of Chhindwara, Betul, Nimar, Hoshangabad and Narsinghpur.
* The Nagpur Division included the districts of Balaghat, Wardha, Chanda, Bhandara and Nagpur and covered a total area of 23,521 sq miles.
* The Chhattisgarh Division covered an area of 21,240 sq miles and had the districts of Durg, Raipur and Bilaspur.
* The Berar Division included the districts of Wun, Basim, Buldhana, Ellichpur, Akola and Amravati (Amraoti).
The Central Provinces and Berar had jurisdiction over 15 princely states of India as well. These native state were the princely state of Bastar, the princely state of Kairagarh, the princely state of Udaipur, Makrai state, the princely state of Kanker, Korea state, princely state of Chang Bhakar, the princely state of Chhuikhadan, Kawardhastate, the princely state of Nandgaon, princely state of Sirguja, Jashpur state, Sakti state, the princely state of Raigarh and Sarangarh state. The states of Sarangarh and Raigarh were under the control and administration of the Chhattisgarh Division.
Central Provinces and Berar after Independence
After the withdrawal of the British Government of India and the independence of the country on 15th August 1947, many erstwhile princely states of India were merged with the Central Provinces and Berar province. After the new Constitution of India went into effect in the year 1950, the previous Central Provinces formed the new Indian state of Madhya Pradesh, which comprised of Nagpur as its capital. In 1956, some of the regions of Madhya Pradesh, which included the Berar and Nagpur divisions, were included as a part of Bombay state.
In 1960, the Bombay state was reorganized, with the Gujarati speaking regions becoming Gujarat state and the Marathi speaking regions forming the state of Maharashtra. Later in the year 2000, the eastern part of the state of Madhya Pradesh was segregated in order to from the new Indian state of Chhattisgarh.
Governors of the Central Provinces and Berar
The chronology of the Governors of the Central Provinces and Berar are mentioned below-
Chief Commissioners of Nagpur Province and Saugor Nerbudda Territories
Edward King Elliot (1861- 1862)
Chief Commissioners of the Central Provinces
Edward King Elliot (1862- 1864)
Sir Richard Temple (1864- 1867)
Sir John Henry Morris (1867- 1883)
William Bence Jones (1883- 1884)
Sir Charles Haukes Todd (1884- 1885)
Dennis Fitzpatrick (1885- 1887)
Alexander Mackenzie (1887- 1889)
Sir Antony Patrick Macdonnell (1889- 1893)
Sir John Woodburn (1893- 1895)
Sir Charles James Lyall (1895- 1898)
Sir Denzil Charles Jelf Ibbetson (1898- 1899)
Sir Andrew Henderson Leith Fraser (1899- 1902)
John Prescott Hewett (1902- 1904)
Frederic Styles Philpin Ley (1904- 1905)
John Ontario Miller (1905- 1906)
Reginald Henry Craddock (1907- 1912)
Sir Benjamin Robertson (1912- 1920)
Sir Frank George Sly (1920)
Governors of the Central Provinces
Sir Frank George Sly (1920- 1925)
Sir Montagu Sherard Dawes Butler (1925- 1932)
Sir Hyde Balwant Sharma (1932- 1936)
Governors of the Central Provinces and Berar
Sir Hyde Clarendon Gowan (1936- 1938)
Hugh Bomford (1938)
Sir Francis Verner Wylie (1938- 1940)
Sir Henry Joseph Twynam (1940- 1946)
Sir Frederick Chalmers Bourne (1946- 1947)
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Central Provinces and Berar