(Last Updated on : 01-10-2014)
Aurangabad district is one of the most important districts with a rich historical background. It is located in the state of Maharashtra
, which forms a part of the Indian subcontinent
. The total area of the Aurangabad district measures up to 10,100 square kilometers. According to the census of 2001 this district has a population of 28,97,013. The languages prevalent in Aurangabad district are Marathi
, English and Hindi
. Both the Hindu and Muslim community resides in this district which reflects its true secular spirit.
Aurangabad district can commonly be called as a base for a visit to the World Heritage Sites of Ajanta
. The district of Aurangabad acquired plenty of monuments and a rich culture as its heritage from the middle ages. This is the one and only factor that determines the role of Aurangabad in the history of medieval India as its location. The Aurangabad district was so strategically located that both Mohammed-Bin-Tughlaq and the Mughal monarch Aurangzeb
attempted to shift their capital from Delhi
to Aurangabad because according to them it would be more efficient for them to control both northern and southern regions of their empires.
Under the reign of the Mughal king Aurangzeb, Aurangabad district became the seat of powerful Mughal Empire for a short span. The predecessors of Aurangzeb preferred all the locations of north including that of Agra, Delhi and Lahore to be the administrative center but Aurangzeb's move was not unopposed. It was during this time that the Mughal court moved to Aurangabad and remained there till the death of Aurangzeb. During the rule of Aurangzeb many historical gems like Bibi-Ka-Maqbara and a medieval watermill known as Panchakki , built in the 17th century. The textiles of Aurangabad district became much sought after and even in the recent days the weavers of Aurangabad are known all over the nation for producing fine textiles like pathani, himroo and kimkhwab. The Aurangabad district also offers a host of tourist attractions but the crowning glory however remains to be the famous Buddhist cave at Ajanta and Ellora. It was built during the 200 B.C. and 650 A.D. The viharas and the chaityas of the Ajanta are masterpieces and so are the incredibly ornate temples carved out of the hard rock of Ellora. All these tourist spots have dining and boarding facilities for overnight stops or an elongated vacation.
The climate of Aurangabad district is temperate with moderate winter months and hot summers, which stretch from April to June. The southwestern monsoon arrives here in the month of June and lasts up to the September month. Aurangabad district receives a moderate amount of rainfall though the surrounding region varies from arid and semi arid to fertile. The quality of health facilities available in Aurangabad district is from average to good. There are many good private hospitals, competent doctors and fairly good medical services. Aurangabad district is also considered very safe for travel particularly for women. The Indian postal services also are quite efficient here in this district. The district also has an efficient privatized power supply that has no power cuts or shortages unlike the nationalized power companies.
Reaching the Aurangabad district is very convenient these days as it is well connected with all the major destinations of the Indian subcontinent through roads, railways and airways. Money changing facility is also available at the airport so that the tourists are free from any hassles.