Chambal Valley Project has been constructed on Chambal River, which is one of the major tributaries of Yamuna River. Chambal River has a big division comprising east Rajasthan and west Madhya Pradesh. The average rainfall ranges between 60 cm to 80 cm in this watershed. This river valley project was prepared for development of agricultural activities, irrigation facilities and overall development of the region. The government of Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan has jointly started a scheme in 1953 - 1954 and it had three major phases - Gandhi Sagar Project, Rana Pratap and Jawahar Sagar Project and Kota Dam Project.
Gandhi Sagar Project was constructed in the first phase of Chambal Valley Project, which included Gandhi Sagar Project and the canals. It is around 514 metres long and 64 metres high. It has huge irrigation capacity.
Rana Pratap Sagar Dam was constructed below 56 km downstream from Gandhi Sagar Dam. It has about 1340 sq km watershed area. The dam is 54 metres high and 1143 metres long. The capacity of reservoir is 1567 million cubic metres.
Jawahar Sagar Dam was constructed 23 km downstream from Rana Pratap Sagar Dam. It has 1994 sq km watershed area. Under this project, the right bank canals irrigate the agricultural land of Madhya Pradesh, while the left bank canals irrigate the agricultural land of Rajasthan. In Madhya Pradesh, about 325 km long canals are drawn from this project. This project helped in the development of the region, particularly in the field of agriculture.
There are around 24 small and big river valleys projects in Madhya Pradesh some are completed and some have to be completed. Bawankadi Project is a joint venture of Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra. The dam is 31 metres high and 148 metres long. Its left side canal irrigates the agricultural land of Madhya Pradesh while the right side irrigates the agricultural land of Maharashtra. Thawer Project is located in Jhulpur village of Mandla District in the Thawari River. Pench Project is located in Chhindwara district in Pench River. Ban Sagar Project has been constructed jointly by Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar government. It is constructed at around 50 km away from Rewa in Rewa-Shahdol roadways. Urmil Project is constructed on the Urmil River at around 40 km away from Chhatarpur District. This project is a joint venture of Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh.
Tawa River Project is constructed on Tawa River in Hoshangabad district. The dam is around 57.91 metres high and will irrigate about 3.33 lakh hectares land. Kolar Project is constructed on the Kolar River, which is a tributary of Narmada River, in Sehore district. Warna Project, Mahi Project and Sindh Valley Project are other prestigious projects. Besides these major river valley projects, some other projects are also going to be constructed and some of them are under construction. Among them Rajghat Dam Project, Rangawan Canal Project and Sukta projects are prestigious.
(Last Updated on : 05-01-2013)
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