After the death of Raja Chand Sultan, Nagpur again went into obscurity and was gradually dominated by the Bhonsle dynasty of Deor. In 1742 A.D. the Bhonsle King Raghuji Bhonsle ascended the throne of Nagpur in place of the Gond king Raja Chand Sultan. Nagpur became the capital of Raghuji Bhonsle. Nagpur was burnt substantially in 1765 and again partially in 1811 by the marauding tribe of the Pindaris. However, the development of the city of Nagpur continued. Nawabpur, Old Mangalwari, Shukrawari Tank, Hansapuri, Jaripatka, Rajabaksha, Rambagh and Itwari areas were established and developed during the Bhonsle period.
In the famous battle of Sitabuldi, the Marathas lost the fortress and the city to the Britishers. Britishers became the undisputed rules and monarch of the area. Nagpur was ultimately incorporated into British residency in 1853 A.D. In 1857, the effect of the first freedom struggle was felt at Nagpur too. This laid down the foundation of many non violent, non co-operation movements here. In 1861 Nagpur was declared the capital of the central provinces, and the Municipality of Nagpur was established in 1864. A number of developments and incidents took place in the years that followed right up till the country got its independence.
These are briefly listed below.
1867 A.D. - A new British train route between Nagpur to Mumbai, - 'Great Indian Peninsula (G.I.P) 'railway' was laid down which transformed the future of Nagpur for good. The first train steamed out of the city in 1867 A.D.
1891 A.D. - On 28th December 1891, the seventh All India Congress Session was organized at Lalbagh locality at Nagpur, in which the famous P. Anandacharlu presided.
1899 A.D. - The great plague strikes and takes a heavy toll in Nagpur.
1912 A.D. - Foundation Stone of Vidhan Sabha was laid.
1920 A.D. - 35th All India Congress session was held for the second time at Nagpur for which a new colony Congress nagar was laid down near Dhontoli park. In this session over 60 thousand Congress representative attended. The session was presided over by Shri. Jamnalal Bajaj. He openly supported Mahatma Gandhi as the undisputed leader of the union.
1923 A.D. - Nagpur University was founded. To mark the all India 'Jhanda Satyagrah Aandolan' a protest rally was also organized at Nagpur in which Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru and Rajrishi Tondon participated.
1940 A.D. - Netaji Subash Chandra Bose's All India Forward Bloc organized its second all India session at Nagpur.
1942 A.D. - Nagpur participated in 'Bharat Chodo Aandolan' in which Maganlal Bagdi's Lal Sena actively participated. He was imprisoned and the freedom fighter Shankar was hanged.
1947 A.D. - The country got its freedom from the British yoke and Nagpur also participated in this celebration. All India Radio Station was founded at Nagpur.
The Nagpur Municipality was converted to a Municipal Corporation in the year 1951. In the same year, the foundation of the 'Bhartiya Jansangh' was also laid. Finally, in the year 1960 A.D., Nagpur city and district were transferred to Maharashtra State, as a part of state reorganization.
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