Location of Junagadh
Junagadh in Junagadh District of Gujarat is located at the foothills of Girnar hills, a Jain pilgrimage centre. Sonrakh River and Kalwo River are the two important rivers of Junagadh. The water of this West Indian city is distributed by Narsinh Mehta Sarovar, Damodarji Lake and Sudarshan Lake. Willingdon dam, Hasnapur Dam and Anandpur Weir supply waters for hydropower electricity.
History of Junagadh
The history began with the advent of Mauryan Empire in India. Western Kshatrapas Dynasty, Maitraka dynasty, Chalukya dynasty and Gupta Empire ruled Junagadh till medieval era. In medieval era, Junagadh came under the hands of Rajputs and Mughal Dynasty. In British era, Junagadh became the Princely State.
Geography of Junagadh
Junagadh is located between 21.52 degree North and 70.47 degree East longitude, at an elevation of 107 metres above sea level. The climatic conditions of Junagadh fluctuate heavily according to the sultry summers and chilly winters. The approximate summer temperatures vary from 23 degree Celsius to 44 degree Celsius. The winter temperatures range from 10 degree Celsius to 36 degree Celsius.
Demography of Junagadh
According to the Population census 2011, Junagadh has a population of 320,250. The sex ratio is of 952 females per 1,000 males. The average literacy rate was 88.63 percent. The male literacy was 93.23 percent and female literacy was 83.83 percent.
Education of Junagadh
Junagadh is dense populated with Gujarati and Rajasthani people. From time of British India, Junagadh became the city of good education system. Gujarat Secondary and Higher Secondary Education Board and Central Board of Secondary Education are the popular boards present here, which provide the general studies to the students.
Culture of Junagadh
Culture of Junagadh defines the Gujarati culture and the mix of Persian culture. Junagadh celebrates religious festivals like Diwali, Holi, Janmastami, Muharram, Navaratri, Christmas, Dusshera and Ganesh Chaturthi.
Tourism in Junagadh
Tourism in Junagadh includes Sakkarbaug Zoological Garden, Junagadh Buddhist Cave Groups, Girnar Hills, Damodar Kund and Tomb of Mahabat Khan. Somnath temple, Gir National Park and Shree Swaminarayan Mandir are the places to see nearby.
Junagadh is a central town that can be reached from almost every part of India by roadways, railways and airways. The nearest international airport is located in Ahmedabad. Junagadh Railway Station is the nearest railway head. Junagadh is connected with cities in Gujarat like Rajkot, Porbandar, Somnath, Veraval and Ahmedabad. National Highway 8D is connected with all the important trade centers in Junagadh.