(Last Updated on : 03-08-2015)
Asanas in Hatha yoga deliver two abstract objectives; one is to specify the posture of meditation in which a person can sit for a long time with ease and command. The better is the mastery for such posture; further deep one can go in inner meditation techniques. The second goal is to tone up for better health and energy of both body and mind. A pure body is mandatory for better flow of prana in Nadis. Although the real objective of Hatha yoga doess not just to master only postures, still such mastery automatically opens the doorway for further progress in hatha yoga. Not to mention that it strengthens the will power and concentration. The nomenclature of Asana is usually assigned according to the image of animal or object it resembles to. It's also named after some quality that it invokes. Generally these are prefixes and can be used on any pose to explain a variation.
Ardha means "half"
Supta means "reclining"
Adho means "downward"
Parivrtta means "revolved" or "twisted"
Urdhva means "upward"
Utthita means "extended"
A particular asana works in a distinct way on our muscles, breath and mind. Many asanas are even suggested for their therapeutic value. The detailed description of each asana, with its technique, benefits and precautions are given with the relevant pictures.
Adho Mukha Vrksasana
This asana is also known as the Hand stand pose.
Adho Mukha Svanasana
In this asana, the body takes the form of a Downward-facing Dog.
The gesture is an acknowledgment of the soul in one by the soul in another.
The asana is an instrument for destroying the group of the most deadly diseases.
This asana is also known as the Bound angle pose.
Also known as the Crane pose, it symbolises the bird as it is an arm balance asana.
This asana relieves the fatigue of both mind and body.
Bhadrasana has a beneficial effect on the muscles & ligaments of the uro-genital region.
The asana is more effective for Asthma, Dyspepsia and Vata diseases.
This asana is useful for the patients of asthma & lower back problem.
The Asana just like the face of a cow which removes pain in hip and lower extremities.
The ultimate yogic therapeutic for backache, headache, infertility, insomnia and sinusitis.
This is also known as the Monkey pose dedicated to Lord Hanuman.
This asana is a spinal twist suitable for all levels of aspirants.
Also known as the Heron pose, this is a very intense pose for stretching.
Also known as the Tortoise pose, this posture resembles the tortoise with his legs out.
The asana for strengthening the muscles of the upper back and back of the neck.
This Asana tones up the abdominal muscles and it assumes the shape of a peacock.
This asana assumes the pose of the Lord of the dance - Nataraja
This Asana steadies the body and calms the mind.
This asana requires you to balance on the tripod of your sitting bones & tailbone.
Thisasana is therapeutically good for asthma, constipation and lower backache.
It is wrapping of the arms around the squatting legs with the hands clasped behind the back.
The Asana that removes constipation, dyspepsia and seminal weaknesses.
The body in this posture resembles a peacock with feathers fully spread and dancing.
This is a wide-legged forward bend and stretched out, expanded, spread with outstretched limbs.
The asana activates the blood circulation in the body.
This asana, is therapeutic for asthma, infertility and sinusitis.
The Asana removes fatigue and gives rest to the mind.
The Asana facilitates the three Bandhas: the Mula, Jalandhara and the Uddiyana.
This asana improves one's concentrating power.
This is a reclining hero pose that intensifies the stretch in the thighs and ankles of its upright version.
Supta Baddha Konasana
This is a reclining bound angle pose that can be modified to meet any level of resistance in the hips and groins.
The Asana that removes Visceroptosis and pain in the backbone.
This is a Wide-Angle Seated Forward Bend, good for detoxifying the kidney.
A bow shaped pose, good for strengthening the the arms, legs, abdomen and spine.
Urdhva Mukha Svanasana
This asana depicts an upward facing dog and it is beneficial for asthma patients.
This is a camel pose and for this pose, you can pad your knees and shins with a thickly folded blanket.
This pose Chair helps to stimulate the diaphragm and heart.
Uttanasana wakes up your hamstrings and soothes your mind.
It creates a stretch along the top side of the body, from the back heel through the raised arm.
It is a powerful arm and wrist strengthener and might also be called the One-Arm Balance.
Virasana is good for tired legs as well as an alternative to Padmasana.
Viparita Karani Asana
Viparita refers to a state of turned around or reversed, and karani means doing or some action.