(Last Updated on : 12/03/2012)
In the dominion of the Constitution of India
, the Governors of Indian States and Lieutenant Governors of the territories of India have analogous powers and functions at the state level as that of the Indian President
at Union level. In this regard, it should be noted that like the governors at the National Capital of New Delhi
and the lieutenant governors in the union territories enjoys the same power and position as the President of the nation. On the other hand, it should be observed that in conformity with the measures of the Indian Constitution, the governor acts as the nominal head whereas the real power remains within the periphery of the Chief Minister and with the council minister of the Chief Minister
. In general, a Governor is elected for a term of 5 years. Different types of powers including the Executive Powers, Legislative Powers and also the Discretionary Powers are also given to the Governors.
In the appointment of the Chief Minister of Indian State the Governors performs as the main person. In the appointment of the Council of Ministers, the instrumental role player is the Governor. The Governor also plays a cardinal role in the appointment of the Judges of the District Courts.
In contrast the Governor writes the sessions of both Houses of the State Legislature and holds over them. The Governors are entrusted with the power to dissolve the State Legislature or the Vidhan Sabha
. The Governor has the power to earmark certain bills for the President. At certain situations the Governor can act according to own judgment. It is very important on the part of the Governors to act in accordance with the recommendation of the Council of Ministers
that is headed by the Chief Minister, and thereby to take decisions. These are enforced at the critical situations, and are called the Discretionary Powers of the Governor
The present Governors of Indian States are-