Reserved forests in India are rich sources of the diverse wildlife of the country. Reserved forests in India enjoy considerably a higher degree of security as compared to the protected forests of the country. It is because of the reason that reserved forests in India do not permit grazing or hunting in its confines while protected forests allow with some degree of constraints. The term reserved forest was first introduced in the Indian Forest Act, 1927, to refer to those forests granted defence by the government in British India. However, even after the independence of the country, the Government of India held the status of reserved forests as well as integrating new reserved forests. Thus, a large number of forests that came under the jurisdiction of the Indian government during the political integration of the country were primarily granted such defence. All reserve forests in India, be it the mountainous terrain of the Gulmarg Biosphere Reserve or be it the green plains of Nandan Kanan Reserve Forest, are infused with the sense of adventure.
Unlike the national parks or the wildlife sanctuaries of the country, the reserved forests as well as the protected forests in India are declared by respective state governments. However, protected forests and reserved forests differ significantly. Protected forests are basically of two types namely demarcated protected forests and un-demarcated protected forests. In reserved forests the rights to activities such as hunting and grazing are not allowed. The reserved forests carry a living indication to helping hands that have been forwarded by Indian environmentalists and keen animal lovers. Reserved forests in India are often raised to the status of wildlife sanctuaries, which in turn may be upgraded to the position of national parks. Like for instance, Sariska National Park was announced a reserved forest of India in the year 1955, later upgraded to the position of wildlife sanctuary in the year 1958, and eventually becoming a Tiger Reserve in the year 1978. It became a national park in the year 1992.
Some of the popular reserved forests in India are Banni Grasslands Reserve, Bisle Reserve Forest, Chari-Dhand Wetland Conservation Reserve and more.