(Last Updated on : 10/07/2010)
Jamnagar district of Gujarat has ten talukas, of which the major ones are Jamnagar (District Headquarter), Jodiya, Okha, and Khambhaliya. The total area of the district is 14,125 sq. km. As per 2001 census the population of Jamnagar is 1.91 Million and the population density is 111 Persons per sq. km. The district is famous for its brass products, (bandhani) tie-dyed fabric, and handicrafts. World`s largest grass root refinery of Reliance Petrochemicals is located in Jamnagar district.
Geography of Jamnagar District
Geographical location of Jamnagar district is 21.42 degree to 22.57 degree North (Latitude) and 68.57 degree to 70.37 degree East (Longitude). The maximum temperature of this district is 42 degree centigrade and the minimum temperature is 10 degree centigrade. Average rainfall in this area is 554 mm.
Education in Jamnagar District
Jamnagar district has 1316 primary schools, 156 secondary school and 45 higher secondary schools. Jamnagar is home to the country`s only Ayurvedic University offering post graduate and diploma courses in Ayurvedic medicines and pharmaceutical science, yoga
and Indian naturopathy
. The Industrial Training Institutes (ITI) in Jamnagar impart training in various areas such as, cutting and sewing, welding, repairing, fabrication, armature and motor rewinding, hair and skin care, electronic system maintenance among various others.
Economy of Jamnagar District
Jamnagar district caters to over seventy percent of the country`s requirement for brass parts supply. There are over 4,500 units involved in production of brass parts and Jamnagar district is the major supplier to the electric and electronics factories located in Delhi
. Jamnagar is one of the principle inventers for production of tie-dyed fabric (Bandhani) in the State. Other major industry sectors of the district include engineering and machinery, plastics and oil mills. Petroleum refineries of industry leaders such as Reliance Industries and Essar oil, Gujarat State Fertilisers Corporation (GSFC), chemical fertiliser complex and a chemical plant of Tata Chemicals is based in the district. There are over 12,700 small scale industries operating in Jamnagar. Some of the main industries under SSI in Jamnagar are metal industries, food products, rubber, and plastic products.
Tourism in Jamnagar District
Jamnagar district has several places of tourist interest. Lakhota Lake is a popular tourist destination with parks and gardens. In the middle is a fort-like structure called Lakhota Tower. Lakhota Museum has a collection of 18th century artefacts and a few some specimens from medieval monuments. Balachadi is the most popular beach of the district and especially during full moon days many visitors throng this place. Marine National Park
is India`s first Marine Park established in 1982. The marine sanctuary area has various species of hard & soft corals, prawns, sponges, crabs, turtles, green and red algae. Khijadia Birds Sanctuary and Gaga Wild Life Sanctuary are other tourist attractions in the district.
How to reach Jamnagar
National Highway (NH) 8 Ext. passes through the district, which is connected to Somnath, Porbandar
and Dwarka. The district is well connected by road to Ahmedabad
( 313 km), Gandhinagar
(337 km), Vadodara
(382 km), Vapi
(638 km), Palanpur (459 km), Rajkot (88 km), Mehsana (387 km) and Bhavnagar
Jamnagar is well connected by rail to other districts of the state such as, Rajkot, Surat, Porbandar, Ahmedabad, and Vadodara. The district is also well linked to major Indian cities like Mumbai, Delhi, Varanasi
, Uttaranchal, and Jamnagar through good railway network. Hapa Junction is a convenient railhead on broad gauge terminus connecting to Okha and Porbandar.
There is one domestic airport in Jamnagar located at a distance of 10 km from the city, connecting the district to Mumbai and Bhuj
Bedi port is connected by broad gauge railway lines with the rest of India. The nearest railway station is Jamnagar, 7 kms away from Bedi port. A railway siding is available at 2 kms from the port. Sikka is an all-weather direct berthing port which is by rail and road connected to Jamnagar. State Highway 92 passes through the port connecting it to Jamnagar. Okha port is connected by State Highways 6A ad 6B to Jamnagar or Porbandar.