Hydroelectricity in India - Informative & researched article on Hydroelectricity in India
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesGeography of India


in  
 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
History of India|Indian Temples|Indian Museums|Indian Literature|Geography of India|Flora & Fauna|Indian Purans|Indian Philosophy|Indian Administration|Indian Languages|Education
Home > Reference > Geography of India > Resources in India > Renewable Resources of Energy in India > Hydroelectricity in India
Hydroelectricity in India
Hydroelectricity is produced in several parts of the country. India is regarded a big potential as far as the generation of hydro-electric powers is concerned.
 
More on Hydroelectricity in India (1 Articles)
 Hydroelectricity in IndiaIndia has a huge potential of hydroelectricity. Further, India is also considered as a big potential source of power. And water power potential is also evenly distributed. Of the total hydro-electric potential of India, rivers of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Tripura, Nagaland and Manipur account for the major portion. Further, eastward rivers of the peninsular India, westward flowing rivers of the Western Ghats, rivers of Central India, Ganga Basin, and Indus basin also account for a huge portion. With the significant advancement in the technology, the hydroelectric potential of the country has also increased tremendously.

Generation of Hydroelectricity in India
It is a common fact that a region with high hydro-electric potential may not necessarily lead other regions in the production of hydro-electric power. There are several factors that influence the selection of sites for the generation of power. The major factors include volume of water, character of the river valley and waterfall, non availability of other sources of power, etc. Waterfalls mainly exist in the Shillong Plateau and in the sea facing margins of the Western and Eastern Ghats. Some of them have been successfully harvested for the generation of power.

Hydroelectricity in India One major factor that affects the power generation is the volume of water in rivers that fluctuates hugely because of seasonal character of the rainfall and its pronounced variability. Storage dams have been built across the rivers especially in the Indian plateau as the rivers become dry in several regions for few months. Further, large sized power projects have been constructed in the country as suitable sites for the generation of small amount of electricity were not available. As the hydro power projects are situated several kms away from the main consuming markets and that is why, power sells at comparatively higher rates in the country.

In India, hydro-electricity is mainly produced in the Western Ghats and in parts of several states like Uttar Pradesh, Kerala and Punjab because they are situated far away from the coal mines. Moreover, Western Ghats and Nilgiri Hills in Tamil Nadu have the advantage of heavy rainfall. The disadvantage of seasonal rainfall has been offset by storage dams. With these advantages, the Western Ghats and Nilgiri Hills have a substantial share in the installed hydroelectric capacity of the country. Elsewhere in the India plateau, rivers flow in broad valleys. Thus, some of the rivers have been harnessed for generating electricity as well as for irrigation.

The hydroelectric power supply in the country may fall considerably in those years when the monsoon season arrives late. In such cases, power generation gets affected badly and it becomes necessary to discard power supply to industries for some weeks. Moreover, large quantity of power supply is required in the plains of northern India. At some places, power plants have been set up in the northern plains of the country and electricity generated from these hydro-electric plants is used in several states like Punjab, Uttar Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir. Only a small quantity of power is developed in the Himalayan mountain ranges.

(Last Updated on : 25/07/2013)
Recently Updated Articles in Geography of India
Saser Kangri Mountain
Sasir Kangri is a great mountain massif consisting of four high peaks, which rise from a glacier-clad.
Ghent Kangri Mountain
Ghent Kangri is a part of the Saltoro Mountains and is the sixty-ninth highest mountain in the world.
Abi Gamin
Situated in the district of Chamoli in Utarakhand, Abu Gamin peak is located at a height of 7,355 metres (24,131 feet).
Balakun Peak
The Balakun of Uttarakhand is one of the beautiful snow clad Himalayan peaks in India.
Chitrakuta Hill
Chitrakuta hill is defined as an isolated hill situated on a river called the Pisani. It means the Hill of many wonders.
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
Forum
Forum on Geography of India
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Reference
 
 
Hydroelectricity in India - Informative & researched article on Hydroelectricity in India
Sitemap
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.