(Last Updated on : 10/12/2012)
Brahmaputra River is one of the largest rivers in India, as well as in Asia and it originates in south western Tibet as the Yarlung River. Brahmaputra River traverses across the southern Tibet where it is called as Dihang River before it breaks through the Himalaya Mountains
. The Brahmaputra River Basin covers the regions of Tibet, China, India and Bangladesh. The major tributaries of the Brahmaputra River are the Amochu River
, Raidak River
, Bhareli River
, Dibang River
and Lohit River
. The literal meaning of the name Brahmaputra literally means The Son of Brahma in Sanskrit language
Origin of Brahmaputra River
Brahmaputra River flows through the dense forests and tribal settlements of the country. This river originates at holy Mount Kailash Mansarovar in Tibet and passes through the entire Tibetan plateau before entering India and cutting into the valleys of Himalaya. It enters India in the state of Arunachal Pradesh
where it is known as Siang.
Geography of Brahmaputra River
Geography of Brahmaputra River shows extensive flood plains and fresh alluvium deposits. During the monsoon season, floods seem to be a widespread occurrence in the geographical area of Brahmaputra River. Excessive deforestation in the Brahmaputra watershed has resulted in increased soil erosion in critical downstream habitat. The total length of this river is about 2,850 km. The river has a long course through the dry and flat region of southern Tibet before it breaks through the Himalayas near the Namcha Barwa peak.
Course of Brahmaputra River
Course of the Brahmaputra River in Tibet is known as Tsang-Po. The flow of the river here is slow. Course of Brahmaputra River covers three nations, Tibet, India and Bangladesh. Course of Brahmaputra River in Tibet signifies its origin or the upper course.
Geology of Brahmaputra River
Geology of Brahmaputra River points out productive alluvial plains of the river basin. After the origin of this river in south-western Tibet it flows across southern Tibet to penetrate through the Himalayas in great valleys and into Arunachal Pradesh
. Brahmaputra River traverses southwest through the Assam
Valley as Brahmaputra and south through Bangladesh as Jamuna.
The Brahmaputra River basin includes rivers like Lohit River
, Burhidihing River
, Dihang River, Kameng River
, Manas River
, Sankh River
, Teesta River
, Rangeet River
, Lachen River
, Lachung River
, and Jaldhaka River
. Transportation in Brahmaputra River has been improvised after the independence of the country. Before the independence of India, the Brahmaputra River was utilised as a major waterway in India and the Indian subcontinent.