(Last Updated on : 28/02/2012)
Dams of Jammu & Kashmir have been constructed with the main purpose of power generation. Apart from generating power to the hilly terrain, the dams of the valley also add to its tourist attraction. The dams of Jammu and Kashmir include the Salal Project, Baglihar Dam, Chutak Hydroelectric Project, Dumkhar Hydroelectric Dam and Uri Hydroelectric Dam
Salal Project of Jammu and Kashmir
The main dams of the state are the Salal Project
and Baglihar Dam
. The Salal Project mainly deals with the power generation function in Jammu and Kashmir and the Power Station has a capacity of around 690MW of electricity and annually it generates around 3101 million units. The Power Project has been constructed on the Chenab River
in the Udhampur district of Jammu and Kashmir. The dam is supervised by the NHPC (National Hydroelectric Power Corporation). The power project has been serving the states of Jammu and Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh
, Himachal Pradesh
since its construction. It has six power generating units altogether and the capacity of each of this units is 115 MW.
Baglihar Dam of Jammu and Kashmir
The Baglihar Dam or the Baglihar Power Project on the other hand has also been constructed on the Chenab River
but in the southern Doda district
of the state. The construction of the project had begun in the year 1999 and the first phase of its construction was completed in 2000 after its construction plan was commissioned in 1992This power project has a capacity of around 450 MW and was dedicated to the nation by Manmohan Singh
, the prime minister of India on 10th of October, 2008.
Chutak Hydroelectric Project
It is a run-of -the-river power project on Suru River. The project construction began on September 23, 2006 and is commissioned by Feb 2011. The project envisages utilizing a gross head of 63.4 m to generate 216.41 GWh in a 90% dependable year with an installed capacity of 44 MW. Each 11 MW Underground generating unit will operate under a rated head of 52 m and a rated discharge of 24.05 cubic metres per second..
Dumkhar Hydroelectric Dam
This project has been constructed on the Indus River in the Leh district
of Jammu ands Kashmir. It is a 42 m high and 220m long concrete gravity dam across Indus River
with FRL 2856 m and MDDL 2853 m.
Uri Hydroelectric Dam
This is a 480 MW hydroelectric power station on the Jhelum River
near Uri in Baramula district of Jammu and Kashmir, India. It is located very near to the de-facto border between India and Pakistan. The project is largely built under a hill with a 10 km tunnel. It is of the run-of-the-river type without a large dam, since the Indus Waters Treaty gives Pakistan the exclusive right to regulate the Jhelum River.
The power projects of Jammu & Kashmir serve not only the valley but the neighbouring states as well. The inflow of tourists to these dam areas is an important area of business for the state of Jammu and Kashmir.