(Last Updated on : 09/01/2016)
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport is situated in Dum Dum
, West Bengal
, near Kolkata
(Calcutta). The airport was initially named "Dum Dum Airport". Afterwards, it was renamed in the honour of the illustrious Bengali patriot Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose
. The airport is situated at a distance of 17 km from the city centre. Spread over an area of 2,460 acres, Kolkata airport is the largest in eastern India and one of only two international airports operating in West Bengal, the other being in Bagdogra
. It is the 5th busiest airport in India in respect of aircraft movement after Delhi
. Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport is considered one of the top four airports in the country. It has also bagged the honour of handling roughly 250 flights a day. In 2014 and 2015, Kolkata Airport won the titles of Best Improved Airport in the Asia-Pacific region by the Airport Council International.
Terminals at Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Airport
The airport has two parallel runways 1-19 L/R, of which the longer one- 1R/19L is used for takeoffs and landings. The other one is used mostly for the purpose of a taxiway. The airport has three terminals- a domestic terminal, an international terminal and a cargo terminal. Like other international airports, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport is also undergoing extension works, like building a fourth terminal. Extension is immediately necessary due to massive increase in passenger volume during the past 3 to 4 years. The airport authority has also planned to increase the runways.
History of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport has earned a distinguished place in the history of world aviation. In 1924, KLM Royal Dutch Airlines commenced scheduled stops at Calcutta (now Kolkata), as part of their Amsterdam to Batavia (now Jakarta) flight. Five US Air Force planes had landed in Calcutta (Kolkata) as part of the first round-the-world flight expedition in 1924.
In 1929, Bengal Air Transport Company Limited started the Calcutta to Siliguri flights for the very first time. In 1930, Air Orient commenced scheduled stops at Calcutta (now Kolkata), as part of their Paris to Saigon (now Ho Chi Minh City) flight. In 1933, Imperial Airways introduced regular London - Calcutta service.
In 1934, the China National Aviation Company, started flights on the Shanghai-Hong Kong-Chungking (now Chongqing)-Calcutta (now Kolkata) route, as a link to the San Francisco-Shanghai Clipper route. The China National Aviation Company moved their headquarters to Calcutta in 1942. Calcutta remained operational hub of the airline until the end of the Second World War
. In 1952 British Overseas Airways Corporation (BOAC) introduced the first jet service to India that connected London and Calcutta, using the de Havilland Comet.
In 1963, Japan Air Lines connected India with Japan as part of the Silk Route service-Calcutta became its sole Indian destination. In 1964 Indian Airlines introduced the first domestic jet service in India on the Calcutta - Delhi route using the Caravelle jets. India's first dedicated cargo terminal was opened in 1975 at Dum Dum airport. Druk Air, Bhutan's national airline was founded with operations/maintenance headquarters in Calcutta airport in 1981. In 2006 Netaji Subhash International Airport was connected to the sub-urban railway system. Thus it became the first airport in India to be accessible by a mass rapid transport system.
Connectivity to Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport
The airport has a facility of prepaid taxis and air-conditioned buses that connect it to the city. Kolkata airport is connected to the Kolkata Suburban Railway system. It was the first airport in India
to have such a connection, which opened in 2005.