(Last Updated on : 05/05/2010)
Gurgaon District is one of the 21 administrative districts of Haryana with its headquarters at Gurgaon
. This district is spread over an area of more than 2,000 sq kms. Gurgaon District is located in the southernmost region of Haryana. The rapidly developing Gurgaon city is the hub of Information Technology sector. Offices of several multinational companies are located here. Total Population of Gurgaon District as per Census-2001 is 8, 70,539.
Location of Gurgaon District
Gurgaon District lies between 27 degree 39 minutes and 28 degree 32 minutes 25 seconds latitude, and 76 degree 39 minutes 30 seconds and 77 degree 20 minutes 45 seconds longitude. On its north, Gurgaon District is bounded by the district of Rohtak and Delhi
. Faridabad District lies to its east. On its south, Gurgaon District shares boundaries with Uttar Pradesh
. In the west, this district is bounded by Rewari District and Rajasthan.
History of Gurgaon District
Gurgaon District derived its name from Guru Dronacharya. It is stated in the history of Gurgaon District that this place was given to Guru Dronacharya as `gurudakshina` by the Pandavas
. Slowly, it came to be known with its present name that is Gurgaon. Gurgaon District was formed on 15th August, 1979. This district was further separated in order to form Faridabad District.
Geography of Gurgaon District
Gurgaon District has a considerable topographic diversity. Soils of this district are of mixed variety. It is rocky at some places of the district. A seasonal year in Gurgaon District is divided into summer season, winter season, monsoon season and post monsoon period. Humidity prevails in the monsoon season in the district and dry winds blow during the summer season.
Culture of Gurgaon District
The language of Meos is Mewati, a sub dialect of north-eastern Rajasthani language
. The language of the north and west of the district in which Ahir tribe
predominates is Ahirwati, another sub-dialect of the north eastern Rajasthani, while language in east of the district in which the Jat
predominate, is the Braj Bhasha
dialect of Hindi language
. Festivals and fairs are an integral part of the religious life and culture of Gurgaon District. The common festivals celebrated here are Holi
, etc. Mela Masani Mata or Sitla Mata ka mela and mela Chhat Bhadon or Baldev Chhat are some of the important fairs held in Gurgaon District.
Administration of Gurgaon District
Administration of Gurgaon District comprises nine development blocks namely Tauru, Nuh, Pataudi, Nagina, Punhana, F.P.Jhirka, Sohna, Gurgaon and Farrukhnagar. It has two sub-divisions - Gurgaon (North and South). The five tehsils of Gurgaon District are Gurgaon, Sohna, Pataudi, Farrukhnagar
and Manesar. Deputy Commissioner is the Chief District Officer of the administration. He is assisted by Sub Divisional Magistrate heading a sub division. Additional Deputy Commissioner is in-charge of District Rural Development Agency (DRDA) for development of the district.
Tourism in Gurgaon District
There are several places of interest in Gurgaon District, which are major tourist attractions. Dhankot, an ancient town lies on the west of Gurgaon at a distance of 11 km. Saiyad, in the west of Gurgaon at a distance of 3 km is believed to be the residential place of Guru Dronacharya and his pupils. Ata, Malab, Sanghel and Ujina are other towns in the district, which are frequently visited. The Sultanpur Lake Bird Sanctuary, which is situated ten kilometers from the city of Gurgaon, is a paradise for all bird lovers. Sohna is a beautiful town famous for its sulphur springs.
With the passage of time, Gurgaon District has witnessed a phenomenal growth in all spheres of development particularly in urbanization and creating industrial climate. Thus, it is considered one of the major towns of Haryana. Gurgaon town is situated at about 32 kms away from Delhi.