(Last Updated on : 11/05/2017)
The folk dances of Goa bear a tradition of thousands of years, characterized by innumerable forms performed by and reflecting lifestyles, culture
s and aspirations of different strata, religions
and castes of Goan society. The prominent ones include the Dashavatara
, Ghode Modni and the Goff Dance
is also referred as the Rome of East is one of the most phenomenon and contemporary tourist destination in India with tradition Goan culture
and folklore. Colonized by Portuguese
for 450 years, cultural tradition of Goa consists of numerous Goa churches
Some of the popular folk dances of Goa are as follows:
: The Dalo is an earliest Goan folk dance
completed mainly by women which combines dance
. Women dressed in multi-coloured traditional sari
s stand in two rows, facing each other and dance to the tune of musical folk songs
. Previously the crop
is cut and stored, the dalo is held at the village
maand (sacred ground) on moonlit nights in winter (in the Hindu month
: Diwli Nach is a dance performed in shigmo
whilst balancing an oil-lamp with five light wicks on the head with no any support. The trick is not to lean or collapse the lamp during the dance. Though a great amount of attention is required to perform this job, the dancers
go about it very naturally and elegantly.
: It is a fighting dance performed in North Goa
. The dance is held in shigmo by men flourishing swords and tiring a favourite subject who gives them the look of riding horses. The dance is said to portray the winning returning home of Ranes warriors after defeating the opponent. The costumes
are worn after carrying out spiritual rituals
, typically in a temple.
: It is also performed during the shigmo celebration. In the village
of Poiguinim, a group of men move from house to house performing this dance. Bright ropes are suspended from the roof of the matov (canopy). Each dancer holds one rope and to the rhythm of the song, performs the dance twining the ropes in the procedure to form a cord. Then they do reverse movements to untwine the ropes.
: Mando is a folk song where men and women replicate a mock flirtation to songs that speak expressively of desire and rejections of love. The mando
is sung by the Christians
celebrations like weddings
and feasts. The western influenced melodies are played on a violin
, while a ghumot (local percussion instrument
) provides the hit.
: Dekhni is referred as a song cum dance. This is as the song has western bearings while the dance is of Indian form. It is only the women dancers who carry out this beautiful dance. A film producer
got so enchanted by a popular Dekhni
song that he made it well-known to every child of the country. Whenever this dance is performed, it is done with ghumat.
from a community of shepherds who worship a folk god
named as Bira Deva. They think in rituals and a variety of celebrations. They celebrate with dances on dhol and flute
. The dances they carry out are frequently dedicated to Shri Radha
. The costumes they were are named as Kathiawari white dress.
: This is a folk dance performed by peasants working on farms to commemorate the festivities of good crop. The dance is performed in very energetic and hostile movements and with lots of noise and sound. The dance is a kind of respect paid to the Mother Nature and is quite charming.
: Morulem is a well-liked dance in which dancers dance on old and traditional songs to satisfy their deities
. The costume of the dancers includes flower
garlands as well as peacock
feathers adorning the heads.
: A Portuguese folk dance and a beautiful example of Portuguese cultural influence, this elegant dance is highly admired among Goan elite youth.
: Fugdi or "Foogdi" is the most popular folk dance form of Goa, performed only by women. Although mostly a non-religious, all-weather dance, it is danced on all-important social and spiritual occasions, and even at the end of other dances like Dalo. The dance starts with prayer to Hindu Gods
at a slow pace of footwork in a circular formation, and rapidly it attains a fast pace reaching climax.
: Kunbis, the initial settlers of Goa, are a strong tribal
community chiefly settled in Salcete Taluka, who though converted to Christianity
, still retains the most ancient folk tradition of the ground. Their songs and dance belonging to the pre-Portuguese era are exclusively social and not spiritual. The fast and elegant dance by a group of Kunbi
women dancers, wearing traditional yet very simple dresses, lends a colourful touch to this ethnic art form.
: In Talgadi, dancers move around the village and perform in house courtyards. They dance to the beats of instruments
like Zanj, Shamel and Ghumat wearing colourful costumes and flowers.
: This dance is a ritualistic dance which is typically held during the feast of the deity "Lairai" in Shirgao. The folk artists begin by encircling the temple. As they do so, the beat the "dhols", a drumming instrument.
: "Zagor" is pure amusement. A tradition shared both by the Hindus and Catholics, is a relaxed mix of dance and theatre. Representation of everyday life, spoofs on present events and personalities, funny takes on characters such as the village eve teaser or the rude government official can be seen in "Zagor".
: Mussoll Nach is a folk play-dance performed by the Kshatriya
s among the Christians in Chandor village, Salcete taluka, on the second night of the Christian festival