(Last Updated on : 27/07/2019)
Majuli is the hub of the Neo Vaishnavite culture
. It was initiated during the 15th century by the Assamese saint Srimanta Sankardeva
and his disciple Madhavdeva
. Sankardeva preached about a monotheist form of Hinduism
known as Vaishnavism and establishes several monasteries
, which are called Satras. The Satras exhibit the colourful culture of Assam. Saint Sankardeva took shelter in Majuli and spent some months in the west side of the island. There Madhavdeva met Sankardeva; the place is now called Manikanchan Sanjog, where the first Satra was built. After this, 65 Satras were constructed out of which only 22 are now operational. Out of 665 original Satras in Assam 65 were situated in Majuli.
Satras of Majuli
Some of the prime Satras of Majuli are:
It was founded by Banamalidev. He was a supporter of Raasleela
, which is now of the prime festivals of Assam
This Satra was founded by Lakshmikantadeva. During the end of autumn season
every year, Raasleela is celebrated with great joy in this Satra. Garamurh Satra houses the ancient weapon named Bartop or cannons.
It was founded by Niranjan Pathakdeva. This Satra is popular for the Paalnaam, Apsara Dances and ancient Assamese artifacts, utensils, jewellery and handicrafts. It has 125 disciples and several followers worldwide.
This Satra was founded by Bedulapadma Ata and this is a center of art, culture, literature and classical studies on the island. Its branch Uttar Kamalabari Satra performs cultural programmes of the Satria Art all around the country and abroad.
Shri Shri Alengi Narasingha Satra was established in the year 1746 by Ahom King Promottra Singha.
This Satra bears great cultural importance and is a center of performing art
. Muraridev, the grandson of Sankaradeva's stepmother was the founder of the Satra.
The Satra is famous for the mask
making in India.
This Satra is the hub of Borgeet Matiakhara, Satriya Dances, which were all promulgated by Srimanta Sankardeva. It has become a center for shuddhi in the Northeast of India
, due to the efforts of Pitambar Deva Goswami.