Kazi Nazrul Islam composed almost 4000 songs in Bengali, which are equally popular around India and Bangladesh. The songs have also been translated in Oriya language. Nazrul Geeti songs are differentiated in four groups, which are namely Revolutionary Mass Music, Bhakti Geeti, Ghazals and Ragasrayi Songs. Among them, Ragasrayi songs are purely based on Indian Ragas. In some cases, Nazrul Islam deviated slightly from the pure form of the Raga. The themes of the songs are based on nature and love.
Examples of Ragasrayi Nazrul Geeti
Nazrul Islam composed Ragpradhan or Ragasrayi songs covering most of the Indian Ragas. Some of the songs with the name of the Raga, which they are based upon, are given below:
‘Piyu Piyu Birohi Papiya Bole’ (Lalit Raag): This song is kind of a lamentation where the poet’s grief has been symbolized by a bird, who is in deep sorrow.
‘Kaberi Nodi Jole Ke Go Balika’ (Karnati Samant Raag): Here the poet addresses a beautiful woman, who has come to Kaveri River to take bath.
‘Shaon Asilo Phire’ (Kazi Karfa Raag): This song is about monsoon season. The word ‘Shaon’ means the month of Srabon. The poet welcomes the srabon month.
‘Jaha Kichu Mamo Aache Priyotamo’ (Sindhu Bhairavi Raag): This song is based on love theme. He is addressing her beloved calling ‘Priyotamo’.
Some other popular Ragpradhan Nazrul Geeti songs are:
‘Jharo Jharo Bari Jhare Ambar Byapiya’ (Sudh Sarang Raag)
‘Aar Kothai Lukabi Shyama’ (Bageshri)
‘Bonpathe Ke Jaye’ (Chandrakaush)
‘Aajo Kande Kanone Koyeliya’ (Kedar)
‘Kohite Nari Je Kothaguli’ (Bhupali)
‘Kalo Bhramar Elo Go Aaj’ (Pilu)
‘Nayan Mudulo Kumudini Haye’ (Todi)
‘Nishi Nijhum Ghum Nahi Aashe’ (Bihag)
‘Phire Nahi Ele Priyo’ (Nat Malhar)
‘Rimjhim Rimjhim Jhore Sawan Dhara’ (Mishra Malhar)
‘Shapone Eshechilo Mridu Bhashini’( Bhairavi)
‘Tarun Ashanto Ke Birohi’ (Chandni Kedar)
‘Udar Ambar Darbare Tori Proshanto Probhat Bajaye Bina’ (Darbari Todi)
‘Pronomi Tomaye Banodebata’ (Durga)
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