(Last Updated on : 05/04/2019)
Indian National Festivals play a major role in spreading unity in diversity, with emphasis on communal harmony. Festivals in India
are joyously celebrated all over the country. During any festive season
, the whole of India brightens up and there is lot of excitement in the air.
India is a land of multi-ethnicity where people of different languages
live together with peace and harmony. India is worldwide known for its cultural diversity and colourful festivals. Apart from these festivals, the Indian national festivals such as Gandhi Jayanti, the Independence Day, Republic Day and many more are a part of the countrys culture.
One of the most celebrated Indian national festivals, Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated to commemorate the birth anniversary of the Father of the Nation, Mahatma Gandhi
. Gandhi Ji was born on October 2, 1869, into a Hindu family
, in Porbandar
city of Gujarat
. Every year, this auspicious occasion is celebrated on October 2 with great zeal and enthusiasm. People across the nation pay tributes to Gandhi Ji on this day. Various cultural programmes showcasing Gandhi Ji's life and struggle for independence
are organized at school, colleges
and private organizations etc. Also, different types of competition, such as essay writing, painting, etc. are organized to remember the legacy of Mahatma Gandhi.
Independence Day is celebrated to mark the Independence of India, is considered another Indian national festival and is currently a national holiday. India became independent on August 15, 1947
, after the British
left the country. Since then, August 15 is celebrated as the Independence Day. On this day, various formal events including flag-hoisting and march-past in all states
, districts, panchayats, schools, colleges are organized to commemorate the day of freedom. The Prime Minister
of the nation hoists the tri-colour national flag
(Tiranga) at the Red Fort
and addresses the nation from its rampart. Independence Day is one of the three Indian national festivals that bind the people of different cultures and religions
into a bond of unity and brotherhood.
Republic Day of India
Republic Day is amongst the three Indian national festivals and is one of the national holidays of India which is regarded as the most important day in the Indian history
. This auspicious day is celebrated on January 26 to commemorate the adoption of constitution. As per the records, the constitution of India
came into force on January 26, 1950 by replacing the Government of India Act (1935) as the governing document of India. Like the Independence Day, flag hoisting ceremony and cultural programmes are organized across the nation on the Republic Day.
Other Festivals of India
Some famous religious festivals
mark the advent of the seasons and some mark the celebration of cultural events. A large number of national festivals celebrated in India have a religious outlook. These festivals are being celebrated in commemoration of some saints
, the Gods
or events celebrating their victories. Religious ceremonies, enthusiasm paralleled with ample fun and celebration marks these Indian national festivals. Cities
are famous for the celebration of particular festivals e.g. Kolkata
) for Durga Puja
) for Holi
for Ganesh Chaturthi
. Similarly, Muslim
festivals of Id-ul-Zuha
and Muharram are famous in Muslim
community, Parsi festival
of Jamshed Nav Roz in Mumbai
, Christian festivals
and the Kaza festival in the Lamaistic strongholds of Ladakh
, Lahaul and Spiti
. In some tribal areas, the cult of Mother Goddess is more prevalent. However, the celebrations dissolve ethnic limitations and all religious groups merge into one, during such festivals.