(Last Updated on : 17/04/2019)
Textile in India enjoys a rich heritage. The contemporary Indian textile not only reflects the splendid past but also cater to the requirements of the modern times. The rich tradition of textile in India has been favoured by a number of factors.
History of Textiles in India
The origin of Textiles in India traces back to the Indus valley Civilization
where people used homespun cotton
for weaving their clothes. Rig Veda
, the earliest of the Vedas
contains the literary information about textiles and it refers to weaving. Ramayana
, the eminent Indian epics depict the existence of wide variety of fabrics in ancient India. These epics refer both to rich and stylized garment worn by the aristocrats and ordinary simple clothes worn by the common people.
India enjoyed a flourishing trade with the outside world on account of its textile products. There was a great demand for Indian textile products in the Roman Empire. Indian silk
was popular in Rome in the early centuries of the Christian era. Cotton products, originating from India have been found many Middle East countries. Cotton textiles were also exported to China during the heydays of the silk route.
Textiles in Different Regions of India
Each and every region of India contributes in creating a myriad of textile tradition. The hilly region of the country produces a rich variety of woollen textiles. The Pashmina
and Shahtoosh shawls of Kashmir
, shawls and woollen garments of Himachal Pradesh
and other North-Eastern states
provides excellent examples of world famous woollen Indian textiles. The barren and semi barren regions like Rajasthan
usually prefers embroidered
bright coloured textiles. The coastal areas of the south eastern regions prefer light coloured fabrics and particularly cotton and silk textiles are very popular over here. The home furnishing utilitarian textile products like bedspreads and sheets, pillows and cushions, linens and mats, curtains and napkins, carpets
and rugs and many such other items are produced by all parts of the country.
Apart from those mentioned, each and every region and state of India
has its own distinct individual style in textile. Indian textile industry can be divided into several segments, some of which can be listed as below:
\ Hand-crafted Textiles
Jute and Coir
Distinct Style and Tradition of Indian Textiles
Silk and cotton weaving predominates the rich tradition of weaving in India
. Silk weaving
is most popular in various parts of the country. Assam
and Surat are all important centres of silk weaving. All these centres specialize mostly in cotton and silk saree weaving
and some of the popular traditional Indian sarees
and many others.
The ornate style of Applique
most commonly done with bright coloured fabrics from the Kutchh
region of Gujarat is very popular in the country as well as in abroad. The state of Punjab
is famous for its Phulkari
, a city in Uttar Pradesh
is famous for its Chikan