Lonar Lake in Maharashtra
Lonar Lake in Buldhana district of Maharashtra is a saline soda lake located at Lonar region. This area is covered with forestry and vegetation. This lake was created by a meteor impact during the Pleistocene Epoch and it is the only known hyper velocity impact crater in basaltic rock anywhere on earth.
Importance of Lonar Lake
Due to the meteor impact during the Pleistocene Epoch, this lake has vast importance for its mineral resource. The ancient hermits of India understood its importance and built innumerable temples of Hindu religion around the lake and also around the Rim of the Crater.
Daityasudan Temple is one of the most exquisitely built temples in Lonar Lake region. This temple is now in ruins. This temple is on the rim of the Bowl of Main crater. One needs to go inside the narrow lanes of the Lonar to visit this master piece. There are many erotic sculptures around this temple of Datiyasundan, which are also depicted in Khajuraho of Madhya Pradesh. Daityasudan Temple is a Vishnu temple with Goddess Durga, Lord Saurya and Nrusimha on three remaining sides of Daitya Sudan Temple. The east is the entrance; this temple has a base of seven layers of stone platforms. Later it was demolished by the invasion of last Mughal ruler of India, Aurangzeb.
Lonardhar Temple is Lord Vishnu temple built on the 1 foot wide water stream which falls into a "Kund" constantly throughout the year. The stream was caused by impact of the main meteor. It’s still not clear how the water stream is sourced from by this natural water stream. The rim is at higher altitude than surrounding areas thereby making it another mystery.
Kamalaja Temple is the temple in Lonar region. This temple is located at the southern most portion of the Lonar Lake. Kamalaja Temple is dedicated to Goddess Kamalaja. Every year there is a festival held by the devotees and the people from the far off places used to visit this temple.
Motha Maruti is a 9 feet long Hanuman Temple located in the Lonar region and it is located in front of the Lonar Lake. It is believed to be part of the splinter fell from the universe as the meteor impact during the Pleistocene Epoch.
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