Chandigarh is the capital of Haryana and Punjab, in the northern part of India. The culture of this part of the country is generally associated with the Punjabi culture, as well as that belonging to the Hindus, Muslims and the Sikhs. However, like many other regions of India, the culture of Chandigarh is cosmopolitan and one will notice people of various cultures residing in this state. This is essentially because Chandigarh is home to people hailing from different Indian states. One will come across numerable crowded markets or 'bazaars' in Chandigarh, which is quite similar to those existent in various ancient Indian towns.
The inhabitants of Chandigarh perform many kinds of well-known folk dances like 'teeyan', 'sammi', 'bhangra', 'gidda', 'julli' and many more, which are a portrayal of the rich cultural traditions of this area. They also celebrate a bunch of festivals which consist of 'Raksha Bandhan', 'Gurpurab', 'Lohri', 'Tika', 'Baisakhi', 'Diwali', 'Shivaratri', 'Holi', 'Dussehra' and others. Such festivals are accompanied by innumerable types of food dishes, 'Puja' and various sweet preparations. During the occasion of Shivaratri, 'Bhaang' is a very popular cuisine which is served to the devotees. Republic Day and Independence Day are observed with equal gusto in the local schools.
Punjabi and Hindi are amongst the main languages which are spoken by the regional people of Chandigarh. Sometimes, these people are also known to communicate in a language which is a mixture of both these Indian languages. Punjabis and Hindus represent the dominant groups in Chandigarh and therefore these languages are common here. People of this Indian state are believed to harbour an excellent taste for food and many delicious cuisines can be found in this part of the country. Punjabi food dishes are quite popular in Chandigarh, which is spicy and delectable and the local people are fond of vegetarian and non-vegetarian food. The costumes worn in this area are quite similar to those worn in several other Indian states. The regional womenfolk are clad in saree, salwar kameez or 'lehenga-choli' while men love wearing the 'sherwani'.
Sahitya and Sangeet Natak Academy which is located in the State Library and Lalit Kala are some of the cultural organisations which are dedicated to the promotion of dance, literature, arts, and drama in Chandigarh. These bodies arrange exhibitions, lectures and performances throughout the entire year. Chandigarh also possesses a Cultural Complex, which comprises an Art Gallery, Museum and Audio-Visual Training Institute. This capital city boasts of various industries like IT, fashion, technology and education. Chandigarh's Rose Festival, also referred to as the 'Festival of Gardens' is quite popular and is a famous local event which attracts several people from various portions of India. In this festival, numerous artists and singers deliver their performances.
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