History of South 24 Parganas District
History of South 24 Parganas narrates the strategies of the British rulers in India and the scenarios that led to the formation of the district.
The district of South 24 Parganas spans from metropolitan Kolkata up to the remote villages situated at the edge of Bay of Bengal. The nomenclature of the state was done ages ago in 1757. During this period Mir Jafar, the Nawab Of Bengal gave up the possession of 24 mahals to the British East India Company. This possession by the British was recorded by a treaty according to which the land that lies at the south of Kolkata up to Culpee would be under the Zamindari and the officers belonging to this Zamindari would be under the jurisdiction of East India Company. The notice or 'parwana' that declares the effect of the treaty had the mention of the names of the 24 units of granted land.
The district was then stared to form under Clause Nos.2, 3 and 9 of the Regulation of 1793. The regulations also demarcated the revenue jurisdiction of the District Collector and the respective jurisdictions of the criminal and civil courts for the district. Till the year 1800, this arrangement remained valid.
On 1st March 1986, the present district of South 24 Parganas came into existence. The district was then divided into two subdivisions viz. Diamond Harbour and Alipore and 30 blocks. Later five subdivisions of the district were made including Kakdwip, Diamond Harbour, Canning, Baruipur and Alipore, 7 Municipalities and 29 blocks.
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