The 48th Pioneers, also known as the 48th (Pioneers) Bengal Infantry unit, was an infantry regiment that served under the British Indian Army. The unit was incorporated as a part of the Bengal Army of Bengal Presidency until the year 1895. The regiment was also under the administrative authority of the Bengal Command. The traditional administration of the regiments of Presidency Armies in British India was done through a hierarchy.
History of 48th Pioneers
The 48th Pioneers regiment was formed in the year 1901 as the 48th (Pioneers) Bengal Infantry under the British administration in undivided India. The regiment was initially formed by the British East India Company, but was later managed by the British Empire in India, which took control of the Presidency Armies after the implementation of the Government of India Act 1858.
Military Operations of 48th Pioneers
The troops of the unit provided valuable military service during the First World War. It was included as a part of the 6th (Poona) Division. During the war, the regiment was captured at the Siege of Kut. Later in May 1916, the 2/48th Pioneers was re-established in Mesopotamia, which was later numbered as the 48th Pioneers. The unit was eventually merged with the 15th Indian Division.
Development of 48th Pioneers
The British Indian Army went through a major re-organisation undertaken by the British Government of India. As a result, the single battalion infantry regiments were merged and various larger regiments consisting of 4 to 6 battalions were raised. The 48th Pioneers unit was re-designated as the 4th Battalion, 2nd Bombay Pioneers in the year 1921.
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(Last Updated on : 31-10-2012)
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