(Last Updated on : 07-09-2012)
William Barwell was one of the most prominent Presidents of Bengal Presidency
in British India who served in the position from the year 1748 to 1749. He was also a well known Colonial administrator of the British East India Company
. He was appointed as the President of the province of Bengal on 18 April 1748. Barwell was preceded by John Forster as the President who held office from 4 February 1746 to 18 April 1748.
The Bengal Presidency was one of the 3 major Presidencies in British India
, along with Bombay Presidency
and Madras Presidency
. It was originally comprised east and west Bengal and was a colonial region of the British Empire in India
. The region included the territories of undivided Bengal like West Bengal
and modern Bangladesh. The Bengal Presidency proper was formed with the signing of the treaties of 1765 between the Nawab of Oudh, the Mughal Emperor and the authorities of the British East India Company. As a result of this the regions of Orissa
and Bengal were placed under the administrative control of the British East India Company.
Unlike the British Provinces of Bombay and Madras, Bengal Presidency included the British territories located towards the north of the Central Provinces (now Madhya Pradesh
), from the openings of the river Brahmaputra
and the Ganges River. It also incorporated areas in British Punjab
and the Himalayas as well. William Barwell served in office as the President of the province of Bengal till 17 June 1749 and was succeeded by Adam Dawson
as the President of Bengal province. Barwell later served as the director of the British East India Company
from the year 1758 to 1766.
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