The Presidency of Bengal was one of the 3 major Presidencies in British India, along with Bombay Presidency and Madras Presidency. The British territory initially included of west Bengal and east Bengal. The region was a colonial region of the Honourable British Empire in India. The territory consisted of the areas of undivided Bengal like Tripura, Meghalaya, West Bengal, Orissa, Bihar, Assam and present Bangladesh. The Bengal Presidency proper was formed with the signing of the treaties among the Nawab of Oudh, the then Mughal Emperor and the authorities of the British East India Company in the year 1765. As an effect of this, the regions of Bengal, Bihar, Meghalaya and Orissa, were allocated under the administrative control of the British East India Company.
The Bengal Presidency, unlike the British Presidencies of Madras and Bombay, included the British districts that were located towards the north of the Central Provinces (now known as Madhya Pradesh), from the openings of the river Brahmaputra and the Ganges River. The province also included the regions of British Punjab as well as the Himalayas. Sir Lancelot Hare served as the Lieutenant Governor till 1906. He was eventually succeeded by Francis Slacke who held office from the year 1906 to 1908.
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