The Bengal Presidency was one of the 3 major Presidencies in British India, along with Bombay Presidency and Madras Presidency. It was originally comprised east and west Bengal and was a colonial region of the British Empire in India. The region included the territories of undivided Bengal like West Bengal, Tripura, Orissa, Meghalaya, Bihar, Assam and modern Bangladesh. The Bengal Presidency proper was established with the signing of the treaties of 1765 between the Nawab of Oudh, the Mughal Emperor and the authorities of the British East India Company. As a consequence of this, the territories of Orissa, Bihar, Meghalaya and Bengal were put under the administrative authority of the Honourable British East India Company.
Unlike the British Provinces of Madras and Bombay, Bengal Presidency incorporated the British regions situated towards the north of the Central Provinces (now Madhya Pradesh), from the openings of the river Brahmaputra and the Ganges River. The territories also included regions in British Punjab and the Himalayas as well. Sir John Woodburn served in the position till the year 1902 and was succeeded by James Bourdillon, who acted as the Lieutenant Governor of the province of Bengal from 1902 to 1903.
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