Bombay Presidency was first instituted at Surat during the 17th century as a trading post for the Honourable East India Company. It was among the 3 major Presidencies and provinces of British India, including Bengal Presidency as well as Madras Presidency. The Presidency included the regions of present states of Gujarat, Maharashtra, territories of Konkan, Kandesh and Desh and northwestern Karnataka state. The erstwhile British province was under the direct authority of the British Empire in India. None of the former Princely states of India were incorporated in the Province of Bombay.
The internal administration of these native states was the responsibility of the princely rulers. However, Bombay Presidency supervised the defense of the native states and also negotiated the relationship of the princely states with the British Government of India. Sir John Holkell held the position till 28 February 1760. He was succeeded by Sir Charles Crommelin, who was also a renowned administrator in British India and held office from 28 February 1760 to 27 January 1767.
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