(Last Updated on : 07-09-2012)
John Forster acted as the President of Bengal Presidency
in the former undivided India during the 18th century. He served in the position from the year 1746 to 1748 under the rule of the British Empire in India
. Forster was also one of the most eminent Colonial administrators of the British East India Company
. He was appointed as the President of the province of Bengal on 4 February 1746. Forster was preceded by Thomas Broddyll as the President of Bengal who served in office from 29 January 1739 to 4 February 1746.
The Bengal Presidency was one of the 3 major Presidencies in British India
, along with Bombay Presidency
and Madras Presidency
. It was originally comprised east and west Bengal and was a colonial region of the British Empire in India. The region included the territories of undivided Bengal like West Bengal
and modern Bangladesh. The Bengal Presidency proper was formed with the signing of the treaties of 1765 between the Nawab of Oudh, the Mughal Emperor and the authorities of the British East India Company. As a result of this the regions of Orissa
and Bengal were placed under the administrative control of the British East India Company.
Unlike the British Provinces of Bombay and Madras, Bengal Presidency included the British territories located towards the north of the Central Provinces (now Madhya Pradesh
), from the openings of the river Brahmaputra
and the Ganges River. It also incorporated areas in British Punjab
and the Himalayas as well. John Forster served in office as the President of the province of Bengal till 18 April 1748 and was succeeded by William Barwell as the President of Bengal province who held the position from 18 April 1748 to 17 June 1749.
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