(Last Updated on : 07/09/2012)
Adam Dawson acted as the President of province of Bengal in British India from the year 1749 to 1752. He was also a renowned Colonial administrator of the British East India Company
. He was appointed as the President of Bengal Presidency
on 17 June 1749. Dawson was preceded by William Barwell
as the President who held office from 18 April 1748 to 17 June 1749.
The Bengal Presidency was one of the 3 major Presidencies in British India, along with Bombay Presidency
and Madras Presidency
. It was originally comprised east and west Bengal and was a colonial region of the British Empire in India
. The region included the territories of undivided Bengal like West Bengal
and modern Bangladesh. The Bengal Presidency
proper was formed with the signing of the treaties of 1765 between the Nawab of Oudh, the Mughal Emperor and the authorities of the British East India Company. As a result of this the regions of Orissa
and Bengal were placed under the administrative control of the British East India Company.
Unlike the British Provinces of Bombay and Madras, Bengal Presidency included the British territories located towards the north of the Central Provinces (now Madhya Pradesh), from the openings of the river Brahmaputra
and the Ganges River. It also incorporated areas in British Punjab
and the Himalayas as well. Adam Dawson served in office as the President of province of Bengal till 5 June 1752 and was succeeded by William Fytche
as the President of Bengal Presidency.
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