(Last Updated on : 09-08-2012)
The Princely State of Kesaria, also known as Kesria was amongst the former native states of India that was assigned as one of the princely states of India
during the early 19th century. The princely state was under the indirect control of the British Empire in India
. The native state was scattered over a total area 3 sq miles and comprised of a total area of 325 in the year 1931. The taluka of Kesaria was located in the District Thana of Wadhwan and consisted of only a single village that was situated almost 13 miles towards the south of the princely state of Bajana
and towards the north of the town of Lakhtar. The princely state of Kesaria was entirely bounded by the princely state of Lakhtar
, excluding the northwest which was bordered by a small British enclave.
The District Thana of Wadhwan was generally bordered by Lakhtar in the north; by Limbdi
in the south and east; and by Wadhwan
in the west. Most of the 17 estates in the territory were branches of Wadhwan. Later in the year 1935, the region was merged with Bhoika Thana in order to create the new territory of Wadhwan Bhoika Thana, for the purpose of convenience. It included 35 estates, which covered a total area of 347 sq miles and comprised of a total population of 38,719 in the year 1931.
History of Princely State of Kesaria
The Princely State of Kesaria or Kesria was not ruled by a single monarch but was shared by several estateholders, who held the title of shareholder. There were 2 main shareholders in Kesaria state. The sovereigns of the state of Kesaria were Jhala Rajputs
, who were bhayats of the princely state of Lakhtar. The estateholders of the District Thana of Wadhwan were well educated and esteemed individuals. Moreover they were politically aware as well, unlike the estateholders of the other Kathiawar Thanas.
Administration of Princely State of Kesaria
The Princely State of Kesaria was incorporated as a part of the Baroda Agency, which was a sub division of the Western India States Agency
. It was also a part of the Eastern Kathiawar Agency
and the District Thana of Wadhwan. Later Kesaria became a part of the Indian state of Gujarat
. The former native state was a non jurisdictionary Indian princely state. The shareholders of the princely state of Kesaria paid annual tribute to Wadhwan. Under the Attachment Scheme of 1943, the princely state of Kesaria was attached to the princely state of Lakhtar in June 1943. However in December 1946, the territory was detached from Lakhtar state and was attached to the princely state of Dhrangadhra
Accession of Princely State of Kesaria
In the year 1948, the shareholders of Kesaria state acceded the princely state to the Dominion of India, also known as Union of India
, after the country gained independence from the British Government and the partition of India on 15th August 1947.