(Last Updated on : 25-07-2012)
Legacy of Jawaharlal Nehru
, India's first Prime minister
and external affairs minister is immense, as he played a major role in shaping modern India's government and political society along with sound foreign policy. He is also credited for creating a system providing widespread effort to enhance primary education, and reaching out to children in the farthest corners of India, the villages. The education policy of Jawaharlal Nehru is also credited for the development of world-class educational institutions such as the All India Institute of Medical Sciences
, Indian Institutes of Technology
, and the Indian Institutes of Management (IIM in India
In addition, Nehru's stance as an unfailing nationalist led him to also implement policies which stressed commonality among Indians while still appreciating regional diversities. This proved particularly important as post-Independence differences surfaced since British withdrawal from the subcontinent prompted regional leaders to no longer relate to one another as allies against a common adversary. While differences of culture and, especially, language threatened the unity of the new nation, Nehru established programs such as the National Book Trust and the National Literary Academy which promoted the translation of regional literatures between languages and also organized the transfer of materials between regions. In pursuit of a single, unified India, Nehru warned, "Integrate or perish.
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