(Last Updated on : 23/07/2012)
Jawaharlal Nehru, fondly known as Panditji, was born on 14th November 1889. He was a statesman and Indian politician
, a prominent leader in the India's struggle for Independence and the first Prime Minister
of independent India.
Family and Childhood of Jawaharlal Nehru
was born in a well-known family of Kashmiri pandits. He was born to Motilal Nehru (his father) and Swaruparani Nehru (his mother). He also had two younger sisters who were also named Vijaya Lakshmi and Krishna. He was brought up in his birthplace in Allahabad
. His father also owned a rich estate in Allahabad which was also known as Anand Bhavan. He spent his childhood in the company of many well-known and respectable people, who visited the estate to call upon his father who was a rich lawyer and influential industrialist, and politician with the Indian National Congress
Education of Jawaharlal Nehru
Until he was sixteen, Nehru was educated by a host of British tutors and governesses. He, at the age of thirteen, joined the Theosophical Society in India. He also had Indian tutors who taught him Hindi language
and Sanskrit language
and grew up to be an atheist.
Jawaharlal Nehru attended the Harrow in England (1905-07), and later on went on to earn an honours degree in natural science from the Trinity College in Cambridge University (1907-10). Nehru qualified as a barrister after two years (1910-12) at the Inns of Court School of Law in London.
Marriage and Children of Jawaharlal Nehru
After completing his education he returned to India in the year 1912. Soon after his return, his mother arranged his marriage with Kamala Kaul, a girl from a conservative middle-class Kashmiri Brahman family in 1912. Kaul was the grand-daughter of Kishanlal Atal, who had been prime minister of Jaipur
, so the match was acceptable to the aristocratic Motilal Nehru
. The ceremony of marriage finally took place in the year 1916, when Kamala had attained the age of seventeen years. Nehru and Kaul had a daughter in 1917, who was named Indira Priyadarshini.
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