While there were many people who proposed several ideas for freedom struggle in India, but it was Mahatma Gandhi who proposed the idea of Satyagraha. - Non-violence, mass civil disobedience. While the process of Satyagraha was entirely non-violent, Gandhi was proposing real action a real revolt that the oppressed people of India were waiting to undertake. Gandhi also proposed that neither the protestors in Gujarat or in Bihar allude to or try and spread the concept of Independence or Swaraj. This was actually not about the political freedom but actually a revolt against the miserable tyranny in the middle of appalling humanitarian disaster. While accepting various participants and help from other part of the world, Gandhi also insisted that no province or district would revolt against the Government, and also that the Indian National Congress not get associated apart from issuing resolutions of support to prevent the British from giving it cause to use more suppressive measures and make the revolts as sedition.
Mahatma Gandhi's Movement at Champaran
Gandhi wanted to organize a strong support for his movement and wanted people to come under one group. Thus in order to achieve that he set up an ashram near Champaran. He surveyed, tremendously about the dire state of the villages which included the general state of degenerate living.
With the help and support of the villagers he started a drive towards clean-up of villages, building of schools and hospitals and encouraging the village leadership to undo purdah system, untouchability and the suppression of women. He also joined many young nationalists from all over India which included Brajkishore Prasad, Rajendra Prasad, Anugrah Narayan Sinha, Ram Navami Prasad and Jawaharlal Nehru.
The main attack came when he was arrested by police on the very charge of making unrest among masses and was ordered to leave province. Thousands of people protested and rallied in police station and outside jails demanding his release. Courts, much against their wish, finally had to oblige. Thereafter, Gandhi was busy in making organized strikes and protests.
Mahatma Gandhi's Movement at Kheda
In the Indian state of Gujarat, Mahatma Gandhi was the spiritual head. His right hand man, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel and a close coterie of devoted Gandhians, namely Narhari Parikh, Mohanlal Pandya and Ravi Shankar Vyas toured the countryside, educating and making the villagers aware of need for freedom, and gave them direction and political leadership. Seeing this many people, willingly joined hands for the freedom struggle.