History of Princely State of Karauli
The Princely State of Karauli was situated in the region of Dhundhar, also known as Amber Kingdom or Kachwaha Kingdom or Jaipur Kingdom. This was a historical district of Rajasthan state in western India. Currently the territory includes the districts of Tonk, Sawai Madhopur, Dausa, the northern part of Karauli District and Jaipur. Mandrayal, also known as Mandrail, was the main village in the district of Karauli. In the year 1534 AD, the Raja of Amber, Puranmal, fought in the battle of Mandrail in the support of the Mughals. Later Bahadur Shah of Gujarat sieged the Chittor fort and a battle ensued with Humayun. Kachwahas became the first allies of Mughals in Rajputana. Raja Puranmal died in 1534, at the Battle of Mandrail, while providing support to Humayun and his troops to recapture the Bayana fort. Raja Bhim Singh, his younger brother, ascended to the throne of Amber, even though Puranmal had a son named Surajmal. Later Bhim Singh was succeeded by his son Raja Ratan Singh. In 1548 CE, Raja Bharmal succeeded Raja Ratan Singh.
Economy of Princely State of Karauli
The Karauli state covered a total area of 3,178 sq km and had a total population of 156,786 in the year 1901. The population of the town was 23,482. The primary agricultural produce of the region was Millets, which was the staple food of the populace. During the rule of the British, the princely state failed to witness any industrial development, although various cottage industries existed and flourished in the region such as stone-cutting, wood-turning, dyeing and weaving. Goats and rice were the main exports of the princely state of Karauli, where as cotton, salt, sugar, bullocks, buffaloes and many other items were imported.