(Last Updated on : 02/06/2012)
The Princely State of Jesar was one of the princely states of India
that were administered by native rulers or Indian princes
under the indirect control of the British Government of India
. At present, the region of Jesar is a village in Mahuva Taluka of the district of Bhavnagar in the Indian state of Gujarat
. Before the Indian independence, the territory appointed as one of the princely states under the rule of the British Empire in India
. It was scattered over a total area of 1.5 sq miles and was one of the twenty six states that formed up the Pandu Mehvassi in the former Rewa Kantha Agency
. The Princely State of Jesar was bounded by the British Panch Mahals in the east and the north; by the region of Chhaliar in the south; and by Vakhtapur in the west.
History of Princely State of Jesar
The Princely State of Jesar was incorporated as a part of the Baroda Agency
, which was a sub division of the Western India States. Later the state became a part of the Indian state of Gujarat. Jesar state was a non jurisdictionary princely state. The state was reigned over by the Sarvaiya Rajputs
dynasty, who were the ruling family of the native state. The native rulers, addressed as Indian Princes
by the British administration, accepted the suzerainty of the British Government in return of receiving protection and security from the British forces. The native rulers took charge of the administration and managed the princely state of Jesar under the indirect control of the British Empire in India. Jesar state paid tribute to the princely state of Baroda
According to the Attachment Scheme, the princely state of Jesar was attached to the princely state of Baroda in the year 1943. The territory of Jesar was claimed by more than one ruler, who were officially identified as shareholder. There are 4 such shareholders in the Indian princely state. The Pagi Kolis were the shareholders of Jesar state. The native ruler was succeeded by the rule of primogeniture, where the right of succession belongs to the firstborn child, particularly the eldest son, who inherits the assets and properties of either one of the parents or both.
After the independence of India on 15th August 1947, the princely state of Jesar was acceded to the newly formed Union of India
, also known as Dominion of India. The erstwhile princely state was included as a part of the Saurashtra State, also known as the United State of Kathiawar.