(Last Updated on : 25/03/2013)
Nawada District is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar
state. The town of Nawada is the administrative headquarters of this district. It is located between historical districts of Nalanda
and falls under Magadha
Commissionary. The district was part of famous Magadha Empire, Sunga Dynasty
and Gupta Empire
History of Nawada District
Nawada located in Magadha
section of division has a glorious past. King Vahydrath established the Magadha Empire. Even king Jarasandha
who's birthplace was Tappoban had and fought with Bhima
one of the Pandavas
. This place has also been held in high esteem by Lord Buddha
and Lord Mahavira
Geography of Nawada District
Nawada district occupies an area of 2,494 square kilometres. It is situated 24.31 east and 25.7 west latitude and 85.17 and 86.3 longitudes. The district capital is located at Nawada town. Most parts of the district are plain but certain areas have hilly characteristics. The important rivers of this district are Sakri, Khuri, Panchane, Bhusri and Tilaiya. The newly born district has fourteen blocks: (i) Nawada (ii) Hisua (iii) Govindpur (iv) Rajauli (v) Pakriwarama (vi) Warisaligunj (vii) Kawakole (vii) Narhat (ix) Roh (x) Sirdala (xi) Akwarpur (xii) Kashichak (xiii) Meskaur (xiv) Nardigunj.
Demography of Nawada District
According to the 2011 census Nawada district has a population of 2,216,653. The district has a population density of 889 inhabitants per square kilometre. Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 22.49 %. Nawada has a sex ratio of 936 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 61.63 %.
Economy of Nawada District
The economy of Nawada District is based on agriculture. Paddy, wheat
, vegetables are the main crops of this district. The district also has Bidi factories, Sugar Mills and Handloom Silk
The district had good sugarcane
farming activities. Kadirganj, located 6 km from Nawada, has a very old and famous silk small scale industry. The industry has workers who carry out the activities of cleaning and weaving of silk. The district also maintains commercial and trading linkages with Bhagalpur
that is famous for its silk business including export of silk from India. It is one of the 36 districts in Bihar currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
Tourism of Nawada District
The district has few tourist places that are tourists from different places. Some of the tourist attraction sites that enthral the tourists who throng from all parts of India are Kakolat falls
, Sarvodaya Ashram, Hariya Sun Temple
, Lord Hanuman
temple, Jarra Baba and may other spots. The waterfalls and the temples in this district will give one to feel the divine peace.