(Last Updated on : 30-09-2011)
is known as the golden age of Indian history. The empire witnessed internal security and material prosperity. Brahmanism was the ascendant religion and it was patronized by the Gupta kings. Hinduism was flexible and it assimilated various foreign elements. Buddha came to be regarded as one of the ten incarnations of the Hindu Pantheon. In the Gupta Empire Lord Vishnu was regarded as the most revered deity. Lord Shiva
, Goddess Lakshmi
, Goddess Durga
, Bhagwati and Parvati
were also worshipped by the people. Various types of yagnas like the Asvamedha Yajnya
, Vajpeya and other sacrifices were also revived. Buddhism was declining and it was more influenced by Hinduism.
The court of the Gupta Emperors remained occupied by intellectuals. The Gupta emperors were patrons of learning. Kalidasa
flourished during this period.Other important writers were Harisen, Vatsapati, Amarsingha, Vasuvandhu, Dignaga
was the famous physician of the Gupta dynasty. This period is remarkable for the contribution towards the various branches of scientific knowledge and literature. Education was at its highest level. Chandragupta II
's court was adorned with nine gems. He paid attention towards the advancement of the cultural philosophy. Art, architecture and painting attained its highest level and glory. The achievements of Gupta art have been illustrated by the Ajanta caves
. Plastic art reached a high level of perfection and it liberated itself from the Gandhar influence. It is distinguished by vitality. Even painting attained its highest proficiency.
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