(Last Updated on : 13/08/2019)
Located on the middle of Peacock
Island on Brahmaputra River
, the Umananda Temple is on the opposite side of the famous Kachari Ghat in Guwahati
in the state
Etymology of Umananda Temple
As per the records from sacred Hindu texts, the other name for the consort of Lord Shiva
, the Hindu Goddess Parvati
is Uma. While the word ananda means happiness and together the name Umananda is formed. This is one of the most visited temples
in the state which is devoted to Lord Shiva.
Legend of Umananda Temple
According to the Kalika Purana
, it is said that during the beginning of creation, Lord Shiva sprinkled ashes at the site of the Umananda Temple and shared some divine knowledge with his consort, Goddess Parvati. On the hillock where the Umananda Temple is currently located is the place where Lord Shiva meditated. Once during Shivas meditation, Kamadeva interrupted him and was faced with Gods wrath as he was burnt to ashes. And hence, the hillock was called Bhasmacala or Bhasmamukta.
The Kalika Purana also states that the Urvashi Kunda is situated in this region with Goddess Urvashi
as the presiding deity. It is said that the goddess used to bring amrit or nectar for the enjoyment of Goddess Kamakhya
and hence the island got the name Urvasi Island.
History of Umananda Temple
The temple was built by the Ahom king Gadadhar Singha in 1694 AD. King Gadadhar Singha was one of the ablest and strongest rulers of the Ahom dynasty
. The Umananda Temple was immensely damaged by the devastating Assam earthquake of 1897. Eventually later, it was reconstructed by a rich merchant with Vaishnavite inscriptions
on the interior walls of the Shiva Temple
And later during the reign of the Mughal Empire
, when Kamarupa
was under them for a short period, the priests of the Umananda Temple received financial grants from Mughal Emperors
Design of Umananda Temple
The Umananda Temple is known for its exquisite architecture which depicts the art of Assamese craftsmen. The temple is decorated with fine rock cut sculptures that include all the major Hindu God
and Goddesses represented in the forms of Lord Surya
, Lord Ganesha
, Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati with the emblem of a scorpion along with the sculptures of Lord Vishnu
and his ten incarnations which are known as Das Avatars of Lord Vishnu
The temple is reached by a series of steep staircases. The presiding deity of the temple is Lord Shiva and it believed that worshipping here on the days of Amavasya
and Shiva Chaturdashi
brings in good luck and fortune. Besides religion
, this temple is also known as one of the historical sites
The Umananda Temple is one of the ancient temples in Guwahati
which depict Lord Shiva in his Rudra
form. The temple celebrates a number of festivals which are mainly oriented to appease the anger of Lord Shiva.
Visiting Information on Umananda Temple
The Peacock Island can be accessed from Guwahati and North Guwahati by ferries and steamers, while the nearest railway station
in the city is at a distance of 1.5 km. Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport
is the closest at about 22 km from the temple.