The Mandsaur district is bounded by four districts of the state of Rajasthan which include the Chittorgarh district to the North and West, Bhilwara district to the North, Kota district to the North-East and Jhalawar district to the East while Ratlam district of Madhya Pradesh state to the South. The district of Mandsaur extends for about 142 kilometers from north to south and 124 kilometres from east to west. The total area over which this district is spread is 5521 square kilometres.
The climatic condition of Mandsaur district in the Madhya Pradesh state is generally dry except in south-west monsoon. The whole year may be divided in to four seasons. The cold season in this district starts from the month of December and it lasts until February. The cold season is followed by the hot season starting from the month of March to the middle of June. Thereafter the south-west monsoon season starts and continues up to about the middle of September.
The average annual rainfall received by the district of Mandsaur is 786.6 millimeters. Rainfall in different regions of the district including Sitamau, Mandsaur and Malhargarh increases in the northern part of the district from the west towards the east. The heaviest rainfall in 24 hours recorded at any station in the district of Mandsaur was 323.9 millimeters at Garoth on 29th June 1945. There is a rapid increase in temperatures in this district after February. The month of May is generally the hottest month with the mean daily maximum temperature at 39.80 degrees Celsius and the mean daily minimum temperature at 25.40 degrees Celsius. The days in this district are intensely hot in summer and dust-laden winds, which blow during this season, add to the discomfort. On individual days, in the summer season and in June before the onset of the monsoon, the day temperatures often go up above 450 degrees Celsius. January is the coldest month in Mandsaur district with the mean daily maximum temperature at 35.00 degrees Celsius and the mean daily minimum temperature at 9.30 degrees Celsius.