(Last Updated on : 05/02/2014)
Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar District was carved out of Hoshiarpur and Jalandhar districts of Punjab on 7th November, 1995 on the birthday of Guru Nanak
. The district headquarter town Nawanshahr is said to have been built during the reign of Ala-ud-din Khilji
(1295-1316) by his Afgan Military Chief Nausher Khan. Previously it was called 'Nausar' but with the passage of time, the town came to be known as Nawanshahr. Nausher Khan had constructed five forts known as Havelis, whose remains still exist in Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar District. Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar District is one of the smallest districts of Punjab and is having an area of 125833 hectares. As per 2001 census, total population of the district is 586637.
Location of Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar District
Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar District is situated in 31.8 degree north and 76.7 degree east part of Punjab on the right bank of mighty Sutlej River
. This district is located 92 kms from the state capital Chandigarh
. Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar District is surrounded by four districts. The west border of Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar District touches Jalandhar, east border touches Rupnagar District, northern border of the district meets Hoshiarpur District and in south it touches Ludhiana and Kapurthala Districts.
Geography of Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar District
Geography of Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar District comprises extremely fertile lands.
It is due to the presence of river Sutlej. The district has a moderate climate. The average annual rainfall in the district is 70 cm. The rainfall in the district in general increases from south-west towards the north-east. About 70 percent of the annual normal rainfall in the district is received during the period July to September, July being the rainiest month. Some rainfall is received mostly as thunder showers in June and in association with passing western disturbances in the cold season. On an average, there are 36 rainy days in a year in the district. After February, temperature begins to rise rapidly. June is generally the hottest month with a mean daily temperature of about 41 degree Celsius and mean daily minimum of about 27 degree Celsius. Scorching dust laden winds blow on in the summer season and the day temperatures on individual days may reach above 45 degree Celsius. January is generally the coldest month with the mean daily maximum temperature at around 19 degree Celsius and the mean daily minimum temperature at around 6 degree Celsius. The driest part of the year is the summer season when in the afternoons the relative humidity is 30 percent or less. Winds are generally light in the district.
Tourism in Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar District
Tourism in Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar District means a memorable tour for the travellers. This district is popular for its holy sites and Gurudwaras. People from all parts of the country come and pay a visit to these Gurudwaras that are also said to have a historical association. Some of the main attractions of Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar District are Gurudwara Nanaksar, Gurudwara Charan Kanwal, Gurudwara Gurpalah, Gurudwara Malla Sodian, Gurudwara Tahli Sahib, Gurudwara Manji Sahib, Baba Balraj Mandir Balachaur, Mandir Baliyana Bainsa, Sanehi Mandir, Gurudwara Bhai Sikh Hyala and more.
All the towns and the villages of Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar District are well connected by roads. Nawanshahr has also rail track connecting it with Jalandhar, Rahon and Jaijon.