In Adilabad district, toy-making crafts and Dhokra casting crafts are very popular. They form a significant part of the culture of the place. Among the various places, Nirmal is well-known for toy-making, while Ushagaon, Jamgaon & Keslaguda village of Jainoor & Kerameri Mandal are known for Dhokra casting. They have provided a natural location for world famous toys and Dhokra casting. The artisans at Nirmal produce articles of artistic content and features. These works of art reflect the local life and environment. The current trend focuses on making animals, birds, fruits and vegetables. These are extremely well made and most realistic looking in appearance.
The Dhokra-casting artisans have been living in the region for the past 100 years. They are well-known for making tribal ornaments and zoomorphic figures, in particular horses, elephants either with or without riders, birds, animals bells and lamps.
Efforts have been made to stimulate the growth of toys of Nirmal and Dhokra casting at Jamgaon and Ushagaon villages of Jainoor mandal. The artisans have been organised along co-operative lines with a view to- helping it serve as an instalments for generating employment, and, to offer the public a variety of artistic products. Also these co-operatives have been created with the intent to extend financial assistance and various common facilities and other benefits to promote production and marketing of products. Presently the following 3 societies- 2 for toy making one for Dhokra casting- are functioning in Adilabad district.
1) Nirmal Toys and Arts ICS Ltd. Nirmal
2) Nirmal painting and decorative furniture Mfg. ICS Ltd. Nirmal
3) Jangubai Tribal Brass Handicrats ICS Ltd. Jamgaon (V) Jainoor (M)
The sales are made locally, through the Lepakshi and Exhibitions. These toys and Dhokra Craft are popular in the national and international market also, especially in the American and European Societies. Beside the above, the Dist. Industries Centre, Adilabad officers have made a survey on Handicrafts produced by the artisans at Adilabad. During the survey the following hidden crafts were identified. The stone carving at Ichoda; wood Carving at Adilabad; Bhorown Crafts at Shanthinagar of Gudihathnoor Mandal; Bamboo Handicrafts Articles at Kamana of Wankidi Mandal. All taken together, these are the various handicrafts of the Adilabad district.
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