The district of Adilabad derives its name from Adilabad, its headquarters town which was named after the ruler of Bijapur, Ali Adil Shah. For a long timer the district was not a homogenous unit, and was made up of a number of different component parts.
Administrative History of Adilabad District
These were ruled at different points of time by rulers from different dynasties- the Maurya empire, Satavahana dynasty , Vakatakas, Chalukyas of Badami, Rashtrakutas dynasty, Chalukyas of Kalyani, Mughal empire, Bhosle Rajes of Nagpur and Asaf Jahis, besides the Gond Rajas of Sirpur and Chanda. Originally this was not full fledged district but a sub-district named Sirpur-Tandur which was created in A.D. 1872 with “Edlabad” (Adilabad), Rajura and Sirpur as its consistuency talukas. In 1905 the status of this sub-district was raised to that of an independent district with head quarters at Adilabad.
Villages and Mandals of Adilabad District
Adilabad district in Telangana, a newly formed state in India with the capital Hyderabad for 10 years consists of 52 Mandals and 1743 villages of which 1557 villages are inhabited and 186 villages are un-inhabitated. There are a total of 7 municipalities in the district. For the purposes of convenience in administration, the district has been conveniently formed into five divisions. These include-1) Adilabad, 2) Nirmal, 3) Utnoor, 4) Asifabad and 5) Mancherial. Adilabad district has two Parliament Constituencies and nine assembly constituencies. The Adilabad District is administrated through five revenue divisions named above, consisting of a total of 52 mandals. The revenue division is made in a manner such that the District Revenue Officer (D.R.O) reports to the Joint collector (J.C.) who in turn reports to the district collector. At the division level, the Revenue Divisional Officer (R.D.O) - for Adilabad, Utnoor, Asifabad, Nirmal Divisions- reports to the sub-collector for the Asifabad division. At the Mandal level, the Mandal Revenue Officer (M.R.O) is followed by the Deputy MRO who is then followed by the Mandal Revenue Inspector (RI).
Development of Adilabad District
The administrative facilities of the state are quite up to date with health, road, electricity and irrigation facilities well provided for. Quite a few hospitals are available in the Adilabad district including the District hospital, Adilabad; Area Hospital, Mancherial; Community Hospital, Bellampally etc. Adilabad is well connected by means of an extensive road network, with the major district roads running a total length of 389.750 km. The State highways cover a length of 141.278 km whereas the newly taken over Panchayat Raj roads run a course of 293.110 km taken all together. The undulating nature of the terrain of the district lends itself favourable to irrigation from canals, wells and streams, with canals forming the main source of irrigation. The total irrigated area accounts for 11.5% of the total cropped area while the relative percentage of the state is 37.3%. The district has got 28 Electrical sub-stations, of 6412 kilovolts of high tensions and 10090 kilovolts of low voltage lines. 11566 villages have been electrified accounting for 99% and 17614 agricultural pumpsets are energised. Three type of Electrical sub-stations in Adilabad District. They are- One 220/132 KV Sub-station; six 132/33 KV Sub-station; sixty-five 33/11KV Sub-stations, all forming a total of seventy two electrical sub-stations in the Adilabad district.
Demography of Adilabad District
The total population of the district is 20, 82,000 out of which the tribal population is 3, 55,000 as per 1991 census. The Tribal Population works out to be 17.78 % to the total population of the district. A number of different groups of the Tribals i.e., Gond tribe, Naikpods, Kolams, Pardhans, Koyas, Manne, Andhs, Thoties, Lambadas and Yerukalas tribe are living in the district. The Kolams and Thoties are the most backward and poorest and classified as Primitive Tribal Group (PTG) for special attention. Even the poorer Mannes (Telugu Speaking Kolams) are extended with the same benefits with a special government order. The Integrated Tribal Development Agency (ITDA) came in to existence on 1-8-1975 with head quarter at Adilabad. The head quarter was shifted to Utnoor in September, 1979. ITDA extends over 45 mandals covering (412) Scheduled Villages, (234) Non Scheduled Villages (TSP) and (12) cluster villages in the district. The tribal sub-plan area comprises (646) villages covering an area of 6353 Sq. Kms which works out to be 38.13 percent of total geographical area of the District.
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