(Last Updated on : 08-04-2017)
is the youngest state of India
and is situated in the eastern part of the country. A majority of the state's total population lives in the villages
. The villages of Jharkhand are rich in their culture and tradition. A major portion of the rural population in Jharkhand comprises tribal communities
and hence, Jharkhand is considered one of the major centres for tribal culture in India.
People from different religious communities live in the villages of Jharkhand. However, a significant portion of the rural population consists of various tribal communities. Jharkhand has one of the largest populations of tribals among all the states in India.
Education in Villages of Jharkhand
Villages of Jharkhand have a notable educational scenario. The children of the villages pursue primary education
in the village schools. They pursue higher education
in the colleges
, which are mostly established in the urban areas of Jharkhand to provide quality education
to the people in the state. The governmental authorities have also taken many initiatives to better the educational scenario in the villages of Jharkhand.
Occupation in Villages of Jharkhand
is one of the major occupations of people in the villages of Jharkhand. Various kinds of crops
are cultivated in the villages of Jharkhand that include rice
, etc. The major vegetables
produced in the villages of Jharkhand include brinjal, cabbage, cauliflower, ladies-finger, onion
, tomato, peas, potato, pumpkin, mushroom, capsicum, green chilli, etc. On the other hand, the major fruits
, guava, banana, papaya, lemon, jackfruit, amla
Apart from agriculture; many villagers of Jharkhand are engaged in animal husbandry
as well. There are many cow farms, goat farms, pig farms in the villages of Jharkhand. Mines and minerals industry is another major source of employment in the villages of Jharkhand. The villages are famous for having rich mineral resources
like granite, gold
, silver, uranium, mica
, graphite, quartz, feldspar, coal, iron
, magnetite, dolomite, fireclay, etc. Many villagers work in the mines and minerals industry.
Festivals in Villages of Jharkhand
Villages of Jharkhand are famous all over India for their rich and diverse culture
. The major festivals
celebrated in the villages of Jharkhand include Holi
, Basant Panchami
, Chhath Puja
, Jityya Bhai Dooj
, Badna, Tusu
, Eid, Phalgun Shivratri
, Kunda Mela
, Kolhaiya Mela
, Tutilawa Mela
, Lawalong Mela, Belqada Mela, Sangharo Mela, etc.
The villagers perform different forms of folk music
during the festivals. The most popular folk music forms include Akhariya Domkach, Dohari Domkach, Janani Jhumar, Mardana Jhumar, Faguwa, Udasi, Pawas, Daidhara, Pahilsanjha, Adhratiya, Vinsariya, Pratkali, Jhumta, etc. Various folk dance
forms are also performed by the villagers during the festivals. The notable dance forms include Nachni, Natua
, Agni, Choukara, Matha, Sohrai
, Lurisayro, Paika
, Jadur, Karma, Santhal, Jamda, Ghatwari, etc.
Villages of Jharkhand can easily be identified as one the most colourful villages in India. The cultural diversity and variety in the village society of Jharkhand are remarkable.