(Last Updated on : 05-04-2017)
Villages of Gujarat
are spread into 26 districts
of the state
. The villages of Gujarat present a wonderful scenic beauty and the villagers love to live together in peace and harmony. The economical and industrial strength of the state largely depends on the villages of Gujarat.
Education in Villages of Gujarat
The educational scenario in the villages of Gujarat is quite impressive. The children of Gujarati villages begin their educational career from the government primary schools and then pursue higher studies from the colleges and universities mostly established in the urban areas of Gujarat. The government authorities have also taken many initiatives to increase the female literacy rate in the villages of Gujarat.
Occupation in Villages of Gujarat
The principal occupation of people in the villages of Gujarat is agriculture
. People in the villages of Gujarat cultivate the crash crops
, quite extensively. The state is the highest producer of cotton in India. However, the cultivation pattern in the villages of Gujarat varies according to the variations in climate and topography. The major crops
cultivated in the villages of Gujarat include groundnut (highest production in the country), cotton, tobacco
(2nd highest production in the country), Isabgul, cumin, sugarcane
, bajra, rice
, tur, gram, banana, etc. Apart from these, the villagers in Gujarat also produce honey, wax and bamboo
; the medicinal herbs
like Jamun and guava; etc. The people living in the forests of Gujarat produce teak
, sadad, hadariyo, etc. as well. Besides agriculture, the villagers in Gujarat are also engaged in other occupations like dairy farming, textiles, petroleum, cement production
and pharmaceutical industries, etc.
Cottage industry is also one of the major occupations in the villages of Gujarat. Many people are involved in textiles industries. The villagers also make different types of Sarees
that include Brocade Sarees
, Panetar, Patola Silk
, etc. Apart from these, the people in the villages of Gujarat are involved in the occupations like jewellery
making, Lacquer Work
, Wood Carving
, Furniture making, Temple Curtain making, Pottery
, etc. as well. In some villages in Kutch
, the people make durries
, blankets, rugs, etc.
Culture in Villages of Gujarat
The folklore and folk culture is one of the major characteristics of the villages in Gujarat. The root of this culture can be traced back to the mythology of Krishna
. The villagers in Gujarat celebrate different fairs
together, irrespective of their religions
or castes. The most popular festivals celebrated in villages of Gujarat include the Kite Festival
, Modhera Dance Festival
, Rann Festival
, Bhavanath Fair, Diwali
, Chitra Vichitra Fair
, Dang Durbar, Janmashtami
, Bhadra Purnima, Tarnetar Fair
festival, Shamlaji Fair
, Vautha fair
, Somnath Fair, etc. The people perform various art forms as part of celebrating the festivals. The popular dance
forms performed by the villagers include Ras dance
or stick dance, Garba dance
, etc. The people also perform a folk drama named Bhavai
during the festivals.
The villages of Gujarat are rich in their tradition and culture. The people like to live in harmony and peace and are quite helpful to each other. A healthy relationship can easily be found among the villagers in Gujarat.